Blacksaddle Rockcod, Epinephelus howlandi (Günther 1873)

Other Names: Blacksaddle Grouper, Blacksaddled Cod

A Blacksaddle Rockcod, Epinephelus corallicola, in the Koh Phangan vicinity, Thailans. Source: Chaloklum Diving / License: CC BY Attribution

A pale greyish-brown rockcod with black spots covering the head, body and fins (except the pectoral fin) and distinct saddle-like blotches along the rear of the back.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Epinephelus howlandi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024,

Blacksaddle Rockcod, Epinephelus howlandi (Günther 1873)


Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Günther, A. 1873. Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee, Heft I. Journal des Museum Godeffroy, Hamburg 2(3): 1-24 pls 1-20 

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382 

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1999. Family Serranidae. pp. 2442-2548 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Kulbicki, M. 2008. Epinephelus howlandi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T132829A3463254. Downloaded on 09 April 2018.
Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311148


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-37 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:44 cm TL

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