Spiny Eel Blenny, Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin 1933)

Other Names: Small-spot Eel-blenny, Spiny Eel-blenny

Spiny Eel Blenny, Congrogadus spinifer. Source: Western Australian Museum. License: CC by Attribution

An eel blenny with pale yellowish spots along the bases of the dorsal and anal fins, irregular rows of spots on the body, a large ocellated spot on the upper part of the gill cover, a broad pale bar below the eye, a pale yellowish stripe from behind the eye, above the ocellus to the anterior part of the lateral line, and a pale median stripe from tip of snout to the origin of the dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Congrogadus spinifer in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4532

Spiny Eel Blenny, Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin 1933)

More Info


Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, to the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Torres Strait, E of Saibai Island, Queensland.
Inhabits coarse sand bottoms with algae and sponges, in depths of 2-82 m.


Dorsal fin I, 61-65; Anal fin 52-55; Vertebrae 67-70. 
Gill membranes fused with the isthmus; usually 6 pores in preopercular canal; no posterior otic sensory canal pore; posterior interorbital pore usually absent. 


The Spiny Eel Blenny has been taken as by-catch in commercial trawl fisheries.

Species Citation

Congrogadoides spinifer Borodin 1933, Copeia 1933(3): 141. Type locality: Broome, WA.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Spiny Eel Blenny, Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin 1933)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Borodin, N.A. 1933. A new Australian fish. Copeia 1933(3): 141-143.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Godkin, C.M. & Winterbottom, R. 1985. Phylogeny of the family Congrogadidae (Pisces; Perciformes) and its placement as a subfamily of the Pseudochromidae. Bulletin of Marine Science 36(3): 633-671 figs 1-15

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Mooi, R.D. & Gill, A.C. 2004. Notograptidae, sister to Acanthoplesiops Regan (Teleostei: Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae), with comments on biogeography, diet and morphological convergence with Congrogadinae (Teleostei: Pseudochromidae). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 141: 179-205.

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. (as Congrogadoides spinifer)

Winterbottom, R. 1980. Two new species of the Congrogadidae (Pisces: Perciformes) from the Indo-West Pacific. Copeia 1980(3): 396-402.

Winterbottom, R. 1986. Revision and vicariance biogeography of the subfamily Congrogadinae (Pisces: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Indo-Pacific Fishes 9: 1-34 figs 1-37 pl. 1

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37411001

Depth:2-82 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map