Wartylip Mullet, Crenimugil crenilabis (Forsskål 1775)

Other Names: Fringelip Mullet, Warty-lip Mullet, Warty-lipped Mullet, Warty-nosed Mullet

A Wartylip Mullet, Crenimugil crenilabis, feeding with the upper lip extended, in north Sulawesi, Indonesia, October 2009. Source: Jim Greenfield / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A silvery greenish-olive mullet becoming paler below, with indistinct narrow stripes along the scale rows, pale yellow pectoral fins and a dark spot at the pectoral-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Crenimugil crenilabis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jul 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4535

Wartylip Mullet, Crenimugil crenilabis (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to about Wooli, New South Wales; also reefs in the Coral Sea, Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, and Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific from the Red Sea and East Africa to Kiribati (Line Islands) and French Polynesia (Tuamoto Islands).
Forms schools over sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal lagoons, reef flats, tide pools and harbours.


Feeds on detritus by scooping up sediment, and filtering it through the gills.

Species Citation

Mugil crenilabis Forsskål 1775, Descriptiones animalium : 73. Type locality: Red Sea.


Dianne J. Bray


Australian Faunal Directory

Wartylip Mullet, Crenimugil crenilabis (Forsskål 1775)


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1979. The Fishes of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Aust. Natl. Parks Wldlf. Ser. Spec. Publ. 2. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service 81 pp. 15 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 pp.

Bleeker, P. 1854. Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van de Kokos-eilanden. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 7: 37-48 (as Mugil macrocheilos)

Durand, J.-D., K.-N. Shen, W.-J. Chen, B.W. Jamandre, H. Blel, K. Diop, M. Nichio, F.J. Garcia de León, A.K. Whitfield, C-W. Chang & P. Borsa. 2012. Systematics of the grey mullets (Teleostei: Mugiliformes: Mugilidae): Molecular phylogenetic evidence challenges two centuries of morphology-based taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64: 73-92.

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica. Hauniae : Mölleri 1-19, i-xxxiv, 164 pp., 43, pls. 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001.Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia. pp. 623-893.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Schultz, L.P. 1946. A revision of the genera of mullets, fishes of the family Mugilidae, with descriptions of three new genera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 96(3204): 377-395 figs 28-32 

Thomson, J.M. 1954. The Mugilidae of Australia and adjacent seas. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 5(1): 70-131 figs 1-16 pls 1-2

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1 

Waite, E.R. 1898. Report upon Trawling Operations off the Coast of New South Wales between the Manning River and Jervis Bay, carried on by H.M.C.S. Thetis. Scientific report on the fishes. pp. 23–62 pls 1–12. (misidentified as Mugil dobula)

Whitley, G.P. 1941. Ichthyological notes and illustrations. The Australian Zoologist 10(1): 1-50 figs 1-32 pls 1-2 (as Oedalechilus cirrhostomus)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37381012

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-20 m

Habitat:Sandy, muddy bottoms

Max Size:60 cm TL

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