Fringelip Mullet, Crenimugil heterocheilos (Bleeker 1855)

Other Names: Fringe-lipped Mullet, Half Fringelip Mullet

Illustration of a Fringelip Mullet, Crenimugil heterocheilos (as Mugil banksi). Source: Plate 5, in Seale (1910) The Philippine Journal of Science Section A 4(6) (for 1909): 491-543, Pls. 1-13 / Biodiversity Heritage Library. License: CC BY Attribution

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Crenimugil heterocheilos in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jul 2024,

Fringelip Mullet, Crenimugil heterocheilos (Bleeker 1855)

More Info


Northern Great Barrier Reef to Moreton Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the east-Indo-west Pacific, from Indonesia and the Philippines east to Vanuatu, north to Japan (Ryukyu Islands) and south to Australia and New Caledonia.
Inhabits turbid channels and gravel-bottoms in coastal waters, ascending rivers into freshwater, often penetrating far upstream from the river mouth.

Species Citation

Mugil heterocheilos Bleeker 1855, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 9: 198. Type locality: Batjan, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Fringelip Mullet, Crenimugil heterocheilos (Bleeker 1855)


Allen, G.R. 1991. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea. Madang : Christensen Research Institute 268 pp.

Allen, G. R., Storey, A.W. & Yarrao, M. 2008. Freshwater fishes of the Fly River Papua New Guinea. Tabubil, PNG: Ok Tedi Mining, vii + 1-213 + pls.

Bleeker, P. 1855. Tweede bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Batjan. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 9: 191-202 

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Hoese, D. 2012. Crenimugil heterocheilos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T196422A2456396. Downloaded on 13 December 2018.

Jordan, D.S. & Seale, A. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the Archipelago, with a provisional checklist of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 173-455 figs 1-111 pls 33-53 (as Liza papillosa)

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663 

Macleay, W.J. 1883. Contribution to the knowledge of the fishes of New Guinea. No. 4. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 8(2): 252-280 (as Mugil papillosus)

Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (eds) 1984. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokyo : Tokai University Press Vol. 1–2 437 pp. 247 figs 370 pls. 

McCulloch, A.R. & Whitley, G.P. 1925. A list of the fishes recorded from Queensland waters. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 8(2): 125-182 (as Mugil papillosa)

Roberts, T.R. 1978. An ichthyological survey of the Fly River in Papua New Guinea with descriptions of new species. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 281: 1-72 figs 1-39

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1 

Whitley, G.P. 1941. Ichthyological notes and illustrations. The Australian Zoologist 10(1): 1-50 figs 1-32 pls 1-2

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37381024

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-3 m

Habitat:Coastal marine to freshwater

Max Size:50 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map