Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902

Illustration of a Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus. Source: P. 421, in Chun (1903) Aus den tiefen des weltmeeres. License: Copyright Expired

A uniformly black snaggletooth with a black barbel bearing a white terminal bulb with several filaments. The gill cover lacks a large luminous patch, the AC photophores on the caudal peduncle are distinctly curved upward, and the IP and anterior of PV photophores form a straight line. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Astronesthes splendidus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4554

Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902

More Info


Coral Sea south-east of Osprey Reef , Queensland, Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific from South Africa eastwards to the Hawaiian Islands, north to Japan, and south to New Caledonia.


Dorsal fin 11-14; Anal fin 18-20; Pectoral fin  8; Pelvic fin 7.  
Large luminous patch on operculum absent. Photophores:  Photophores: IP 10, PV 16-17, VAV 19-21, AC 11-12, IC 56-59, OA 36-37. AC photopores forming a continuous, but distinctly arched line. IP and the anterior PV photophores forming a straight line. Maxillary teeth 20 to 21. Barbel with bulb bearing several filaments.

Species Citation

Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902, Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(668): 288. Type locality: South of Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean, 4°56'N, 78°15'13"E, Valdivia station 217, depth 2000 m.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902


Brauer, A. 1902. Diagnosen von neuen Tiefseefischen, welche von der Valdivia-Expedition gesammelt sind. Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(668): 277-298 See ref at BHL

Harold, A.S. 1999. Families Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae, Phosichthyidae, Astronesthidae, Stomiidae, ChaulioIdontidae, Melanostomiidae, Idiacanthidae, Malacosteidae. pp. 1896-1917 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Liao, Y.-C., Chen, L.-S. & Shao, K.-T. 2006. Review of the Astronesthid fishes (Stomiiformes: Stomiidae: Astronesthinae) from Taiwan with a description of one new species. Zoological Studies 45(4): 517-528.

Parin, N.V. & Borodulina, O.D. 2000. Redescriptions and new data on the distribution of six rare and poorly known species of the mesopelagic fish genus Astronesthes (Astronesthidae). Journal of Ichthyology 40(Suppl. 1): 15-30

Parin, N.V. & Borodulina, O.D. 2003. Phylogeny, systematics, and zoogeography of the mesopelagic genus Astronesthes (Astronesthidae, Stomiiformes). Journal of Ichthyology 43(8): 557-576.

Regan, C.T. & Trewavas, E. 1930. The fishes of the families Stomiatidae and Malacosteidae. Dana Reports 1920–22 6: 1-143 figs 1-138 pls 1-14

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37108020


Depth:to 800 m


Max Size:12 cm SL

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