Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000

Other Names: Black-hat Slender Wrasse, Royal Pencil Wrasse, Royal Wrasse

A male Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi, at Alor, Indonesia. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial


Terminal phase males have a blue, red or magenta line along the upper jaw extending back over the eyes that abruptly separates the dark dorsal half of the head and anterior body from the whitish lower half. males also have a turquoise dorsal fin with a broad orange submarginal band, bright yellow sides with torquoise stripes, and a blue caudal fin with blue and black upper and lower lobes. Females are pink fading to whitish below with an orange upper head. Juveniles have a white snout tip.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Pseudojuloides severnsi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Mar 2021,

Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000

More Info


Recorded in Australia from the Blackwood Channel, east of Cape York, North Queensland. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical West-Pacific - Indonesia and Japan.
Inhabits open areas with rubble and coral patches on deep offshore reefs in 12-60 m.


Feeds on material on the bottom.


A single terminal phase male lives in small harems of 6-7 intermediate phase individuals (females?).

Similar Species


The specific name refers to Mike Severns who organised the collection and deposition of the type material from Alor, Indonesia.

Species Citation

Type locality: collected over rubble, 21 m, barrier net, south side Kalabahi Bay, Alor Island, Indonesia, 18º14'48"S, 124º29'35"E.


Dianne J. Bray

Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000


Bellwood, D.R. & Randall, J.E. 2000. Pseudojuloides severnsi, a new species of wrasse from Indonesia and Sri Lanka (Perciformes: Labridae). Journal of South Asian Natural History 5(1): 1-5.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Nishiyama, K. 2012. Photographic Guide to Wrasses of Japan. Toho Publishing, Inc., Osaka, Japan, 302 pp. [In Japanese]

Russell, B. 2010. Pseudojuloides severnsi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 19 March 2014.

Victor, B.C. & Edward, J.M.B. 2015. Pseudojuloides zeus, a new deep-reef wrasse (Perciformes: Labridae) from Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 41-52. PDF open access

Victor, B.C. & Randall, J.E. 2014. Pseudojuloides edwardi, n. sp. (Perciformes: Labridae): an example of evolution of male-display phenotype outpacing divergence in mitochondrial genotype. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 11: 1-12. PDF open access

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384209

Biology:Capable of changing sex

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:24-60 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:9.2 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map