Panay Ponyfish, Photopectoralis panayensis (Kimura & Dunlap 2003)

A relatively deep-bodied ponyfish with the mouth protruding forward not downward, a dark snout tip, a densely pigmented membrane between the jaws and the cheeks with a black line between the lower front margin of the eye and the lower articulation when mouth is closed, a large blotch on the nape, and irregular dark blotches along the upper sides.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Photopectoralis panayensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Apr 2024,

Panay Ponyfish, Photopectoralis panayensis (Kimura & Dunlap 2003)

More Info


Off Port Douglas, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the west Pacific: Philippines. Inhabits soft sediment areas.


Dorsal fin VII, 16; Anal fin III, 14; Vertebrae 24. 
Mouth protruding forward, not downward; teeth small, slender, pointed, uniserial on jaws; lateral line incomplete, ending below base of 14th to 16th dorsal fin soft ray or at anterior caudal peduncle; body deep, 41-51% SL; posterior limb of maxilla long, 21-26% HL; anteroventral profile of lower jaw slightly concave; belly almost wholly scaled.


Baranguay Parara Norte, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Panay Island, Philippines

Similar Species

Leiognathus panayensis differs from L. aureus in having a deeper body (41–51% SL vs. 35–45% SL in the latter), long posterior limb of maxilla (21–25% HL vs. 15–23% HL), wholly scaled belly (vs. naked along preanal median keel), and a dark blotch on nape (vs. absent).


Sparks et al. (2008) erected the genus Photoplagios for a number of Leiognathid species but Kimura et al. (2008) noted that Equulites was a senior synonym of Photoplagios. Sparks & Chakrabarty (2015) erected the genus Photolateralis for some species previously placed in Equulites.

Species Citation

Leiognathus panayensis Kimura & Dunlap 2003, Ichthyological Research 50(3): 229, Fig. 8. Type locality: Baranguay Parara Norte, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Panay Island, Philippines.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Panay Ponyfish, Photopectoralis panayensis (Kimura & Dunlap 2003)


Chakrabarty, P. & Sparks, J.S. 2008.  Diagnoses for Leiognathus Lacepède 1802, Equula Cuvier 1815, Equulites Fowler 1904, Eubleekeria Fowler 1904, and a new ponyfish genus (Teleostei: Leiognathidae). American Museum Novitates 3623: 1-11.

Kimura, S. & Dunlap, P.V. 2003. Leiognathus panayensis sp. nov. pp. 229-231 in Kimura, S., Dunlap, P.V., Peristiwady, T. & Lavilla-Pitogo, C.R. The Leiognathus aureus complex (Perciformes: Leiognathidae), with description of a new species. Ichthyological Research 50: 221-232

Sparks, J.S. & Dunlap, P.V. 2004. A clade of non-sexually dimorphic ponyfishes (Teleostei: Perciformes: Leiognathidae): Phylogeny, taxonomy, and description of a new species. American Museum Novitates 3459: 1-21,<0001:ACONDP>2.0.CO;2

Sparks, J.S., Dunlap, P.V. & Smith, W.L. 2005. Evolution and diversification of a sexually dimorphic luminescent system in ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae), including diagnoses for two new genera. Cladistics 21: 305-327,

Sparks, J.S. & Chakrabarty, P. 2015. Description of a new genus of ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae), with a review of the current generic-level composition of the family. Zootaxa 3947(2): 181-190,

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37341027


Depth:18 m (Aus)

Habitat:Soft sediment areas

Max Size:8.3 cm SL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map