Gymnocranius satoi Borsa, Béarez, Paijo & Chen 2013

Other Names: Blacknape Large-eye Bream, Eyebrow Large-eye Bream, Sato’s Large-eye Bream

A specimen of Gymnocranius satoi from near Récif Toombo, off Nouméa, New Caledonia, 16 September 2009. Source: Jean-Lou Justine / Wikimedia Commons. License: CC by Attribution-ShareAlike

A silvery to silvery-white or pinkish seabream with a distinct black spot on each scale forming rows along the body, a blackish eyebrow-like marking above the eye, and an indistinct dark bar below the eye.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Gymnocranius satoi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 11 Aug 2022,

Gymnocranius satoi Borsa, Béarez, Paijo & Chen 2013

More Info


Widespread on the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland and in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the West-Pacific. Inhabits sandy/rubble areas near reefs, including in lagoons.


Sides silvery; scales above the lateral line with a dark-grey basal patch forming longitudinal rows; scales in the 3 rows below lateral line in middle of flank similarly forming darker rows, but basal patch not as dark as above lateral line; blue speckles against bronze background on snout an cheeks, distinctive on fresh, larger individuals, faint on smaller individuals; blue band joining the nostrils on forehead; area immediately above eye (supraorbital shelf) forming a distinctive brownish to blackish eyebrow; more or less conspicuous vertical dark bar crossing the eye; dorsal, pectoral, anal and caudal fins reddish to bright vermilion red; upper lip reddish to red, lower lip white (Borsa et al. 2013).


Named in the honour of Torao Sato, a Japanese ichthyologist who contributed to the taxonomy of Lethrinidae and who recognized the red-finned Gymnocranius presented in Masuda et al. (1984) as “distinct from the other species of Gymnocranius.

Species Citation

Gymnocranius satoi Borsa, Béarez, Paijo  & Chen 2013, Comptes Rendus Biologies 336: 237, Fig. 3. Type locality: Kedonganan (Bali) fish market (from Lombok or West Sumbawa) Lesser Sunda Islands (localities questionable).


Dianne J. Bray

Gymnocranius satoi Borsa, Béarez, Paijo & Chen 2013


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. (p. 493, as Gymnocranius sp)

Borsa, P., P. Béarez & W.-J. Chen. 2010.Gymnocranius oblongus, a new large-eye bream species from New Caledonia (Teleostei: Lethrinidae). Comptes Rendus Biologies 333(3): 241-247. (as Gymnocranius sp C)

Borsa P, Béarez P, Paijo S, Chen WJ. 2013. Gymnocranius superciliosus and Gymnocranius satoi, two new large-eye breams (Sparoidea: Lethrinidae) from the Coral Sea and adjacent regions. Comptes Rendus Biologies 336(4):233-40. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2013.06.003. Abstract

Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. (p. 3025, as Gymnocranius sp.)

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp. (p. 31, as Gymnocranius sp)

Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (eds) 1984. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokyo : Tokai University Press Vol. 1–2 437 pp. 247 figs 370 pls. (as Gymnocranius lethrinoides)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (p. 198, as Gymnocranius sp.)

Sato, T. 1986. A systematic review of the sparoid fishes of the subfamily Monotaxinae. pp. 602-612 figs 1-3 in Uyeno, T., Arai, R., Taniuchi, T. & Matsuura, K. (eds). Indo-Pacific Fish Biology. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Indo-Pacific Fishes. Tokyo : Ichthyological Society of Japan 985 pp. (as Gymnocranius lethrinoides)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37351023

Depth:15-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:45 cm TL

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