Whitetail Chromis, Chromis leucura Gilbert 1905

A Whitetail Chromis, Chromis leucura, at Reunion Island. Source: zsispeo / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A small deep blue to dark bluish-grey or navy Chromis with a white filamentous tail, usually a yellowish tinge on the anterior part of the dorsal fin, a broad black margin on the rear of the dorsal and anal fins that crosses the caudal peduncle, yellow pelvic fins and a large black spot often ringed in yellow on the pectoral-fin base. The hind margins of both the dorsal and anal fins appear almost vertical due to the transparent outer rays.
In the Australian EEZ, this species is known only from Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Chromis leucura in Fishes of Australia, accessed 03 Feb 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/5252

Whitetail Chromis, Chromis leucura Gilbert 1905

More Info


Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea off Queensland. Elsewhere the species is known from scattered localities in the Indo-west-central Pacific, including: Madagascar, Mascarenes, RĂ©union, Mauritius, Andamans, Indonesia, Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Gambier Islands, southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, eastern Indonesia, New Caledonia.
Individuals or small groups inhabit deep coral and rocky reefs, usually on deeper patch reefs, or along deep reef walls and ledges in depths of 20-120 m.


Dorsal fin XII, 14; Anal fin II, 13-15; Pectoral fin 16-17; Gill rakers 24-27 (total first arch); Lateral-line scales 13-15.


Due to the deep-water habitat of this species, it is known from few specimens.

Species Citation

Chromis leucurus Gilbert 1905, Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 23(2): 620, Pl. 77 (fig. 2). Type locality: Avau Channel, between Maui Island and Lanai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3875, depth 34-65 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2017

Whitetail Chromis, Chromis leucura Gilbert 1905


Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag 271 pp.

Allen, G. R. 2001. Family Pomacentridae. pp. in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Gilbert, C.H. 1905. II. The deep-sea fishes. In, Jordan, D.S. & Evermann, B.W. The aquatic resources of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 23(2): 575-713 figs 230-276 pls 66-101 PDF available

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Quick Facts

Depth:20-120 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (rare)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:8.5 cm TL

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