Gymnothorax shaoi Chen & Loh 2007

A pale greyish to brownish moray, with large dark reddish-brown spots on the side in at least three rows, dark brown dots on the rear of the dorsal and caudal fins not forming oblique streaks, pale jaws, rictus and inside of mouth, and a yellow to orange iris.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Gymnothorax shaoi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024,

Gymnothorax shaoi Chen & Loh 2007

More Info


Australian Territory of Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in Taiwan and the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia.


Predorsal vertebrae 3-5; Pre-epipleural vertebrae 45-53; Preanal vertebrae 53-57; Total vertebrae 125-130.
Body moderate in length; dorsal fin moderately high, origin before the gill opening; anus close to mid-body point. Jaw teeth caniniform and generally uniserial, but biserial on anterior dentaries and maxillae.


The species is named in honour of Dr. Kwang-Tsao Shao, "who has contributed greatly to establish the Taiwanese fish database as well as supervise and support for our muraenid studies".

Species Citation

Gymnothorax shaoi Chen & Loh 2007, Journal of Marine Science and Technology 15(2): 76.Type locality: off shore of Sanshengtai, 23.130°N, 121.414°E, Chengkung, Taitung, Taiwan,


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Gymnothorax shaoi Chen & Loh 2007


Chen, H-M. & Loh, K-H 2007. Gymnothorax shaoi, a new species of moray eel (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) from southeastern Taiwan. Journal of Marine Science and Technology 15(2): 76-81

Delrieu-Trottin, E., Williams, J.T., Bacchet, P., Kulbicki, M., Mourier, J., Galzin, R., Lison de Loma, T., Mou-Tham, G., Siu S. & Planes, S. 2015. Shore fishes of the Marquesas Islands, an updated checklist with new records and new percentage of endemic species. Check List 11(5): 1-13

Ho, H.-C., McCosker, J.E., Smith, D.G. & Shao, K.-T. 2015. Introduction to the systematics and biodiversity of eels (orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes) of Taiwan. Zootaxa 4060(1): 5-18

Ho, H.-C., Smith, D.G., McCosker, J.E., Hibino, Y., Loh, K.-H., Tighe, K.A. & Shao, K.-T. 2015. Annotated checklist of eels (orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes) from Taiwan. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 4969(1): 140-189

Smith, D.G. 2012. A checklist of the moray eels of the world (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Zootaxa 3474: 1-64  

Smith, D.G. 2019. Gymnothorax shaoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T195797A2419032. Downloaded on 13 November 2020.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37060099

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:61 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map