Grideye Fish, Ipnops murrayi Günther 1878

A Grideye Fish, Ipnops murrayi, at the northern end of the West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico, April 2018, depth 2258 m. Source: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Gulf of Mexico 2018. License: Public Domain

Specimens of a second species of Ipnops collected in Australia are tentatively named Ipnops murrayi.
This slender black deep-sea fish has eyes modified into large pale flattened photosensitive plates on the head. The eyes lack a lens.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Ipnops murrayi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Oct 2021,

Grideye Fish, Ipnops murrayi Günther 1878

More Info


Great Australian Bight, South Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Atlantic Ocean. Inhabits soft sediment areas on the lower continental slope and abyssal plain.


The species is named in honour of John Murray, naturalist on the HMS Challenger, which collected the type specimens.

Species Citation

Ipnops murrayi Günther 1878, Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5)2(7/8/9)(2/22/28): 187. Type locality: off Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic, 35°41'S, 20°55'W, depth 1900 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Grideye Fish, Ipnops murrayi Günther 1878


Gerringer, M.E., Popp, B.N., Linley, T.D., Jamieson, A.J. & Drazen, J.C. 2017. Comparative feeding ecology of abyssal and hadal fishes through stomach content and amino acid isotope analysis. Deep-Sea Research I Part 1(121): 110-120.

Günther, A. 1878. Preliminary notices of deep-sea fishes collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5 2(2, 22, 28): 17-28, 179-187, 248-251 See ref at BHL

Günther, A. 1887. Report on the deep-sea fishes collected by H.M.S Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 22(57): 1-268 figs 1-7 pls 1-66 See ref at BHL

Marshall, N.B. & Staiger, J.C. 1975. Aspects of the structure, relationships, and biology of the deep-sea fish Ipnops murrayi (family Bathypteroidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 25(1): 101-111. See ref online

Moore, J. & Polanco Fernandez, A. 2019. Ipnops murrayi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T123323471A123323735. Downloaded on 17 June 2020.

Munk, O. 1959. The eyes of Ipnops murrayi Gunther, 1878. Galathea Report 3: 79–87.

Nielsen, J.G. 1966. Synopsis of the Ipnopidae (Pisces, Iniomi) with description of two new abyssal species. Galathea Report 8: 49-75, Pls. 14-16.

Theisen, B. 1965. On the cranial morphology of Ipnops murrayi Gunther, 1878 with special reference to the relations between the eyes and the skull, Galathea Report 8: 7–20.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37123014


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1239-4539 m


Max Size:17 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map