Sharpnose Halosaur, Aldrovandia rostrata (Günther 1878)


Other Names: Longnose Halosaur

Illustration of a Sharpnose Halosaur, Aldrovandia rostrata. Source: Goode & Bean (1896) / Wikimedia Commons. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A pale brown to silvery halosaur with a long, sharp snout, the lower part of the head and the gill cover black, a black abdominal region, a black anus surrounded by a white ring, and a dark mouth lining. The pelvic fins are inserted well before the dorsal-fin origin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Aldrovandia rostrata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Nov 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/5684

Sharpnose Halosaur, Aldrovandia rostrata (Günther 1878)

More Info


Distribution

Off Christmas Island, eastern Indian Ocean, depth 3200-3345 m. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Atlantic Ocean. Inhabits the abyssal plain over soft bottom areas.

Features

Dorsal fin 11; Pectoral fin I,11 Pelvic fin I,9; Gill rakers 14 (total first arch); Lateral line 22-23 (before anus), one lateral-line scale to every 2 body scales; Pyloric caecae 7.
Body very elongate, moderately compressed; mouth small (width of premaxilla three times in snout length); snout long, pointed. Preoral portion of snout very long, less than 2 times in total snout length. Scales absent on top of head and opercle. Lateral line scales two times larger than body scales, continuous with each other.Dorsal fin origin posterior to pelvic fin origin; first dorsal ray very short, vestigial. 

Etymology

The specific name is from the Latin rostratus (= beaked), in reference to the “very much produced” snout of this species.

Species Citation

Halosaurus rostratus Günther 1878, Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5)2(7/8/9)(2/22/28): 251. Type locality: Mid-Atlantic, 35°29'N, 50°53'W, Challenger station 63, depth 2750 fathoms.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2022

Resources

Catalog of Fishes

Sharpnose Halosaur, Aldrovandia rostrata (Günther 1878)

References


Cohen, D.M. (ed.) 1973. Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Halosuriforms, Killfishes, Squirrelfishes and other Beryciforms, Stephanoberyciforms, Grenadiers. Yale University : The Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. I Pt 6 698 pp. https://doi.org/10.12987/9781933789293

Günther, A. 1878. Preliminary notices of deep-sea fishes collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5 2(2, 22, 28): 17-28, 179-187, 248-251 See ref at BHL

Günther, A. 1887. Report on the deep-sea fishes collected by H.M.S Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 22(57): 1-268 figs 1-7 pls 1-66 See ref at BHL

Haedrich, R.L. & Merrett, N.R. 1988. Summary atlas of deep-living demersal fishes in the North Atlantic Basin. Journal of Natural History 22: 1325-1362.

McDowell, S.B. (1973) in Cohen, D.M., Marshall, N.B., Ebeling, A.W., Rosen, D.E., et al. 1973. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part 6. Hereromi, Cyprinodontoidei, Berycomorphi, Xenoberyces, Anacanthini. Memoir No. 1. Sears Foundation for Marine Research; Yale University, New Haven, CT. 698 pp., 235 plates. See ref at BHL

Smith, D.G. 2016. Halosauridae, Halosaurs pp. 1594-1600 in Carpenter, K.E. & De Angelis, N. (eds). The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Volume 3. Bony fishes part 1 (Elopiformes to Scorpaeniformes). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. Rome, FAO. i-xiv + 1511-2350.

Sulak, K.J. 1990. Halosauridae. pp. 126-132 in Quéro, J.-C., Hureau, J.-C., Karrer, C., Post, A. & Saldanha, L. (eds). Check-list of the Fishes of the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Paris : UNESCO 1492 pp., 3 vols.

Tighe, K. 2015. Aldrovandia rostrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T195839A2425844. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T195839A2425844.en. Accessed on 23 August 2022.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37081007

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2690-5029 m

Habitat:Benthopelagic, abyssal plain

Max Size:51 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map