Dot-dash Grouper, Epinephelus poecilonotus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843)

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Epinephelus poecilonotus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Dot-dash Grouper, Epinephelus poecilonotus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843)

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Off Scott Reef, north-western Western Australia. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Socotra east to Fiji, north to southern Korea and Japan.
Inhabits deep rocky reefs, occurring in shallower depths at lower latitudes.


Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.

Species Citation

Epinephelus poecilonotus Temminck & Schlegel 1843, in Siebold, Fauna Japonica Vol. 4: 6, pl. 4A (fig. 1). Type locality: Nagasaki, Japan.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Dot-dash Grouper, Epinephelus poecilonotus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843)


Boeseman, M. 1947. Revision of the fishes collected by Burger and van Siebold in Japan. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 28: 1-242 pls 1-5

Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp. 

Fennessy, S. 2018. Epinephelus poecilonotus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T132802A100553399. Accessed on 26 August 2022.

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1986. Family No. 166: Serranidae. pp. 509-537 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 

Johnson, J.W. & Wilmer, J.W. 2019. Epinephelus fuscomarginatus (Perciformes: Epinephelidae), a new species of grouper from off the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Zootaxa 4674(3): 329-348

Ma, K.Y. & Craig, M.T. 2018. An inconvenient monophyly: an update on the taxonomy of the groupers (Epinephelidae). Copeia 2018(3): 443–456 (as Mycteroperca poecilonota)

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332 

Temminck, C.J. & Schlegel, H. 1843. Pisces. 1-20 pls 1-7 in Siebold, P. Fr de (ed.) Fauna Japonica. Leyden : Apud Arnz & Socios Vol. 4.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311246

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:45-375 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:65 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map