Rosy Snapper, Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830)

Other Names: Bluespot Jobfish, Crimson Jobfish, Crimson Snapper, Jobfish, King Emperor, King Snapper, Rosy Jobfish, Rosy Job-fish

A Rosy Snapper, Pristipomoides filamentosus, collected during the 2003 NORFANZ Expedition to survey seamounts in the Tasman Sea . Source: Robin McPhee & Mark McGrouther / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved

A brownish to pinkish, lavender or reddish purple tropical snapper with narrow yellow lines and blue dots on the snout and interorbital space, and pale blue to lavender dorsal and caudal fins with reddish-orange margins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pristipomoides filamentosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jun 2024,

Rosy Snapper, Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830)

More Info


Off Leeman, Western Australia, north to the Timor Sea north of Darwin, Northern Territory, and the Ribbon Reefs, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to at least Seal Rocks, New South Wales, with larvae as far south as Sydney; also Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the Indo-west-central Pacific.
A benthopelagic, reef-associated species that inhabits rocky bottoms and rocky reefs, migrating at night to feed.


Dorsal fin X, 11; Anal fin III, 8; Gill rakers (first arch) 7-8 + 15-18 = 22-26; Lateral line (tubed scales) 57-62. Body elongate, laterally compressed; jaws about equal or lower jaw protruding slightly; premaxillae protrusible. maxilla extending to vertical through about anterior margin of pupil; upper and lower jaws both with an outer row of conical to small canine teeth and an inner band of villiform teeth, the caniniform teeth at anterior ends of jaws are not appreciably enlarged; teeth on vomer triangular patch, maxilla without scales or longitudinal ridges; interorbital region flattened. Last soft ray of both dorsal and anal fins well produced, longer than next to last ray; caudal fin forked; pectoral fins long, about equal to or somewhat shorter than head length; membranes of dorsal and anal fins without scales. 


Migrates vertically to feed on small fishes, crustaceans (shrimps, crabs, amphipods), ascidians and salps.


A long-lived, slow-growing species.


A major fishery species that supports deep-water fisheries across the Indo-Pacific. This species is taken on bottom longlines and deep handlines. It is marketed fresh and is considered a good quality food fish.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Rosy Snapper, Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830)


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. (as Aprion microlepis)

Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp. 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Anderson, W.D., Jr. 1987. Systematics of the fishes of the family Lutjanidae (Perciformes: Percoidei), the snappers. pp. 1-31 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds). Tropical Snappers and Groupers: Biology and Fisheries Management. Boulder : Westview Press Inc. 659 pp. 

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Andrews, A.H., DeMartini, E.E., Brodziak, J., Nichols, R.S. & Humphreys, R.L. 2012. A long-lived life history for a tropical, deepwater snapper (Pristipomoides filamentosus): bomb radiocarbon and lead–radium dating as extensions of daily increment analyses in otoliths. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 69: 1850–1869.

Bleeker, P. 1869. Description d'une espèce inédite de Chaetopterus de l'île Amboine. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Afdeeling Natuurjunde). Amsterdam 2 3: 80-85 (described as Chaetopterus microlepis)

Castelnau, F.L. de 1879. Essay on the ichthyology of Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 3(4): 347-402 (described as Aphareus roseus)

Francis, M.P. 1991. Additions to the Fish Faunas of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 45(2): 204-220 figs 1-44

Fry, G.C., Brewer, D.T. & Venables, W.N. 2006. Vulnerability of deepwater demersal fishes to commercial fishing: Evidence from a study around a tropical volcanic seamount in Papua New Guinea. Fisheries Research 81: 126-141.

Gaither, M.R., Jones, S.A., Kelley, C., Newman, S.J., Sorenson, L. & Bowen, B.W. 2011. High Connectivity in the Deepwater Snapper Pristipomoides filamentosus (Lutjanidae) across the Indo-Pacific with Isolation of the Hawaiian Archipelago. PLoS ONE 6(12): e28913., open access 

Gaither, M.R., Toonen, R.J., Sorenson, L. & Bowen, B.W. 2010. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for the Crimson Jobfish, Pristipomoides filamentosus (Lutjanidae). Conservation Genetics Resources 2(1): 169-172.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Hardman-Mountford, N.J., Polunin, N.V.C. & Boullé, D. 1998. Can the age of tropical species be determined by otolith measurement? A study using Pristipomoides filamentosus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Mahé Plateau, Seychelles. Naga ICLARM Q. 20(2):27-31.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kramer, S.H., Kramer, S.M. & Newman, S.J. 1994. New deep-water fish records from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Pacific Science 48(1): 70-79, open access

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Leis, J.M. & Lee, K. 1994. Larval development in the lutjanid subfamily Etelinae (Pisces): the genera Aphareus, Aprion, Etelis and Pristipomoides. Bulletin of Marine Science 55(1): 46–125. See ref online, open access

Manooch, C.S. III, 1987. Age and growth of snappers and groupers. pp. 329-373 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds). Tropical Snappers and Groupers: Biology and Fisheries Management. Boulder : Westview Press Inc. 659 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Roberts, C.D. 2015. 183 Family Lutjanidae. pp. 1278-1284 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Russell, B., Lawrence, A., Myers, R., Carpenter, K.E. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2016. Pristipomoides filamentosus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194331A2312944. Downloaded on 28 January 2020.

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1830. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 6 559 pp. pls 141-169. See ref at BHL

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. 

Yearsley, G.K. (ed.) 1995. Marketing Names for Fish and Seafood in Australia. Canberra : Department of Primary Industries and Energy 170 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37346032

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:40-360 m

Fishing:Commercial, gamefish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:100 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map