Blue Warehou, Seriolella brama (Günther 1860)

Other Names: Black Trevally, Common Warehou, Haddock, Portland Hake, Sea Bream, Snotgall Trevalla, Snotgall Trevally, Snotty, Snotty Nose Trevalla, Snotty Trevalla, Snotty Trevally, Snottynose Trevalla, Tasmanian Travalla, Tasmanian Trevally, Warehou

A juvenile Blue Warehou, Seriolella brama. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

A steely-blue to greenish-blue medusa-fish becoming slightly paler below, with a large black blotch above the pectoral-fin base, and  a silvery-pinkish hue on the gill cover and lower jaw.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Seriolella brama in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 May 2024,

Blue Warehou, Seriolella brama (Günther 1860)

More Info


Portland, Queensland, to the Great Australian Bight, Western Australia, including northern and eastern Tasmania, and possibly to east of Albany, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in southern New Zealand.
Blue Warehou mostly occur in offshore waters, although juveniles may be found in bays, estuaries and coastal waters. 
Juveniles (to about 35 cm in length) form large schools inshore to feed on plankton near the surface, although they also occur offshore to a depth of 100 m. They are often seen in association with jellyfish. 
Adults usually aggregate near the seafloor in deeper offshore waters, possibly moving into the water column to feed at night, and are commonly found above 200 m.


Dorsal fin VII-IX, 25-29; Anal fin III, 19-23; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 19-22; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 90; Gill rakers 6-7 + 1 + 15-18 = 25; Vertebrae 25.
Body deep, robust, streamlined; snout blunt; dorsal fin long-based, front part very low, spinous; caudal peduncle narrow, with a small, distinct keel on each side; pectoral fin long, falcate, often reaching beyond the anal-fin origin.


Feeds opportunistically on pelagic invertebrates including salps, euphausiids, krill, crabs and small squid.


Taken in as incidental byproduct in the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery. Blue Warehou are also taken infrequently by recreational anglers.


Blue Warehou populations have experienced a severe decline i numbers, and since 2001, the species has been considered to be 'overfished', and is listed as Conservation Dependent under the Commonwealth EPBC Act 1999.

Species Citation

Neptomenus brama Günther 1860, Cat. Fishes Brit. Mus. 2: 390. Type locality:  New Zealand.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Blue Warehou, Seriolella brama (Günther 1860)


Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) 2014. Draft Blue warehou (Seriolella brama) Stock Rebuilding Strategy. Revised 2014. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra.

Boyes, J. 1983. Pelagic trawling off Tasmania takes warehou. Australian Fisheries 42(8): 4-6.

Bruce, B.D., Neira, F.J. & Bradford, R.W. 2001. Larval distribution and abundance of blue and spotted warehous (Seriolella brama and S. punctata: Centrolophidae) in south-eastern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 52(4): 631-636 

Bruce, B.D., Sutton, C.A. & Neira, F.J. 1998. Centrolophidae: warehous, medusafishes, pp. 422-425 in Neira, F.J., Miskiewicz, A.G. & Trnski, T. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. Nedlands, Western Australia : University of Western Australia press 474 pp. 

Bulman, C., Althaus, F., He, X., Bax, N.J. & Williams, A. 2001. Diets and trophic guilds of demersal fishes of the south-eastern Australian Shelf. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 537-548.

Gavrilov, G.M. & Markina, N.P. 1979. The feeding ecology of fishes of the genus Seriolella (fam. Nomeidae) on the New Zealand Plateau. Journal of Ichthyology 19(6): 128–135.

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Günther, A. 1860. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. London : British Museum Vol. 2 548 pp. See ref at BHL

Hutton, F.W. 1890. List of the New Zealand fishes. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 22: 275-285 

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. 

Knuckey, I.A. & Sivakumaran, K.P. 2001. Reproductive characteristics and per-recruit analyses of blue warehou (Seriolella brama): implications for the South east Fishery of Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 575-587.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

McDowall, R.M. 1982. The centrolophid fishes of New Zealand (Pisces : Stromateoidei). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 12(2): 103-142 figs 1-20 

McDowall, R.M. 1994. Family Centrolophidae. pp. 832-838, figs 736-741 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Punt, A. 2009. Data analysis and preliminary updated stock assessment of Blue warehou (Seriolella brama) based on data up to 2008, pp. 53-100. In: Tuck, G.N. (ed.) Stock Assessment for the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery 2008. Part 1. Australian Fisheries Management Authority and CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart.

Robinson, N., Skinner, A., Sethuraman, L., McPartlan, H., Murray, N., Knuckey, I., Smith, D.C., Hindell, J. & Talman, S. 2008. Genetic stock structure of blue eye trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) and warehous (Seriolella brama and Seriolella punctata) in south-eastern Australian waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 59: 502-514: 

Smith, D.C. 1994. Blue warehou, pp. 189-197, in Tilzey, R.D.J. (ed.) The South East Trawl Fishery – a scientific review with particular reference to quota management. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, 360 pp.

Stewart, A.L., Last, P.R. & Struthers, C.D. 2015. 235 Family Centrolophidae, pp. 1648-1661, in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds) The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Waite, E.R. 1921. Illustrated catalogue of the fishes of South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) 2(1): 1-208 293 figs pl. 1

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37445005

Conservation:EPBC Act Conservation Dependent

Depth:3-550 m

Fishing:Commercial/recreational fish

Habitat:Pelagic, benthopelagic

Max Size:90 cm TL; 7 kg

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map