Peppered Grubfish, Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849)

Other Names: Java Sandperch, Whitestripe Sandperch, Yellowband Grubfish, Yellowbar Sandperch, Yellowspot Grubfish, Yellow-spot Grubfish

A male Peppered Grubfish, Parapercis xanthozona, at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Anne Hoggett / Lizard Island Research Station. License: CC BY Attribution

A sandperch with about 6 double saddle-like markings along the back, 10 bars along the lower side, and a distinct white to yellowish wavy stripe along the midside. Males have a yellow to orange cheek and gill cover with diagonal dark-edged white lines. 

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Parapercis xanthozona in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jul 2024,

Peppered Grubfish, Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849)

More Info


Exmouth, Western Australia, to about Sydney, New South Wales; also reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits protected bays and reef lagoons, usually in silty areas near reefs.


Dorsal fin V, 21; Anal fin I, 17, Pectoral fin 17; Lateral-line scales 56-60; Predorsal scales ~15.


Carnivore - feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates.

Species Citation

Percis xanthozona Bleeker 1849, Verhand. Batav. Genoots. Kunst. Wetensch. 22: 55. Type locality: Jakarta (as Batavia), Indonesia.


Dianne J. Bray


Australian Faunal Directory

Peppered Grubfish, Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Bleeker, P. 1849. Bijdrage tot de kennis der Percoïden van den Malayo-Molukschen Archipel, met beschrijving van 22 nieuwe soorten. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen 22: 1-64.

Cantwell, G.E. 1964. A revision of the genus Parapercis, family Mugiloididae. Pacific Science 18(3): 239-280.

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp. 

Fricke, R. 2010. Parapercis xanthozona. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155200A4743245. Downloaded on 18 August 2016.

Johnson, J.W. & Randall, J.E. 2006. Simipercis trispinosa, a new genus and species of sandperch (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from eastern Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 63(1): 57-64.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 304-622.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Pinguipedidae. pp. 3501-3510 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37390025

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Feeding:10-25 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:23 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map