Fourbar Porcupinefish, Lophodiodon calori (Bianconi 1854)

Other Names: Violet Porcupine-fish

A Fourbar Porcupinefish, Lophodiodon calori, at Kwale County, Kenya, June 2017. Source: Ewout Knoester / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A pale brownish porcupinefish becoming white below, with black lips, a blackish bar below the eye, a broad dark bar or blotch on the lower part of the gill cover, two broad bars or blotches on the lower side, and often a small dark blotch on the upper part of the pectoral-fin base and another on the dorsal-fin base. The Fourbar Porcupinefish lacks spots on the fins and has a pair of prominent spins on the upper part of the caudal peduncle. 
Juveniles are dark grey to almost black above becoming white below, with the body covered in numerous irregular black spots.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Lophodiodon calori in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Jun 2023,

Fourbar Porcupinefish, Lophodiodon calori (Bianconi 1854)

More Info


Northwest Shelf, Western Australia, to the Arafura Sea, Northern Territory. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits sand-rubble areas.


Dorsal fin 10-12; Anal fin 10-11; Pectoral fin 21-23. 
Spines short, most on head and belly two-rooted and erectile, spines on sides and back three-rooted and fixed, those on sides and back three-rooted and fixed; dorsal part of caudal peduncle with a pair of prominent spines.


May be taken as bycatch in commercial trawls.

Species Citation

Diodon calori Bianconi 1854. Rendiconto delle Sessioni dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto dei Bologna 1853-1854: 69. Type locality: Mozambique. 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Fourbar Porcupinefish, Lophodiodon calori (Bianconi 1854)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Bianconi, G.G. 1854. Rendiconto delle Sessioni dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto dei Bologna 1853-1854: 68-69. (Original description)

Bianconi, G.G. 1855. Specimina zoologica Mosambicana quibus vel novae vel minus natae animalium species illustrantur. Fasc. 10 pp. 215–230 pls Pisc. 1–3 Bononiae.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Leis, J.M. 1986. Family No. 269: Diodontidae. pp. 903-907 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Leis, J.M. 2001. Diodontidae. pp. 3958-3965 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Leis, J.M. 2006. Nomenclature and distribution of the species of the Porcupinefish family Diodontidae (Pisces, Teleostei). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 63(1): 77-90 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Smith, J.L.B. 1957. Four interesting new fishes from South Africa. South African Journal of Science 53( 8): 219-222. (described as Lophodiodon nigropunctatus) See ref online

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37469010

Depth:to 100 m

Habitat:Sand-rubble areas

Max Size:30 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map