Orangetail Leatherjacket, Pervagor aspricaudus (Hollard 1854)

Other Names: Orange-tailed Leatherjacket

An Orangetail Leatherjacket, Pervagor aspricaudus, at Oahu, Honolulu, Hawaii. Source: David R / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Variable in colour, often bluish-grey anteriorly, and yellowish-orange rear of body and caudal fin, with spots in head and body appearing as dashes or lines, iris orange to brown iris, spinous dorsal fin dark brown to brownish-orange, soft dorsal and anal fins clear to yellowish.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Pervagor aspricaudus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Mar 2024,

Orangetail Leatherjacket, Pervagor aspricaudus (Hollard 1854)

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Recorded in the Australian EEZ from Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Tijou Reef to Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, QLD, also Coringa-Herald Cay and Lihou Reef, Coral Sea. Found elsewhere in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs at depths of 1-20 m.


Meristic features: Dorsal fin I-II + 31-35; Anal fin 28-32. 
First dorsal spine strong. Posterior margin of ventral flap narrowly attached to large pelvic fin rudiment. Scale spinulation in midbody not closely packed. Male scale ridge rugosities usually develop at about 6 cm SL.

Species Citation

Monacanthus aspricaudus Hollard, 1854, Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris 4 2: 330. Type locality: unknown. 


Dianne J. Bray

Orangetail Leatherjacket, Pervagor aspricaudus (Hollard 1854)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012.Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.
Hollard, H.L. 1854. Monographie de la famille des balistides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris 4 2: 321-366 3 figs

Hutchins, J.B. 1986. Review of the monacanthid fish genus Pervagor, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 12: 1-35 11 figs 2 pls

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls.

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37465067

Depth:1-20 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map