Genus Albula


Body moderately long, slightly compressed, fusiform; head profile almost straight; snout conical, projecting well beyond lower jaw; mouth small, inferior; eye moderate in size, covered in adipose tissue; teeth in small villiform patches on jaws, vomer and palatines; molariform teeth in broad bands on bones at the back of the mouth (the parasphenoid, basibranchials and mesopterygoid bones); gill rakers very short.

Fin spines absent; dorsal fin single, short-based, on middle of back; anal fin small, far back on body; pectoral fins low on sides; pelvic fins abdominal, far back on body below base of posterior dorsal-fin rays, with a well-developed pelvic axillary scale; caudal fin deeply forked.

Lateral line straight, running from top of operculum to caudal peduncle.

Type species: Albula vulpes Linnaeus (1758).

Author: Dianne J. Bray

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Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Albula in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024,


Colborn, J., Crabtree, R.E., Shaklee, J.B., Pfeiler, E. & Bowen, B.W. 2001. The evolutionary enigma of bonefishes (Albula spp.): cryptic species and ancient separations in a globally distributed shorefish. Evolution 55(4): 807-820.

Hidaka, K., Iwatsuki, Y. & Randall, J.E. 2008. A review of the Indo-Pacific bonefishes of the Albula argentea complex, with a description of a new species. Ichthyological Research 55: 53-64

Smith, D.G. & Randall, J.E. 1999. Family Albulidae. pp. 1623-1624 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 1397-2068 pp.

Whitehead, P.J.P. 1986. The synonymy of Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) (Teleostei, Albulidae). Cybium 10(3): 211-230