Genus Heraldia


A monotypic genus confined to southern Australia. Heraldia nocturna has the following characteristics: body moderately elongate with a shallow trunk; head aligned with body; snout of moderate length; opercles with complete longitudinal ridge and with supplemental ridges radiating above and below; posterior angles of rings somewhat elevated and produced to spine‑like points; STR and STAR discontinuous near rear of dorsal fin base; ITR and ITAR discontinuous; LTR confluent with LTAR and STAR; eggs brooded on open undersurface of trunk, tail not prehensile; dorsal fin closer to tip of tail than head, with base of moderate length; anal fin small, below rear half of dorsal fin; caudal fin large, membranes broad and deeply incised between protruding tips of fin rays; pectoral fins present.

Author: Martin F. Gomon & Dianne J. Bray

Cite this page as:
Martin F. Gomon & Dianne J. Bray, Heraldia in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Apr 2024,


Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Ocean Springs (Mississippi): Gulf Coast Research Laboratory 230 pp. 293 figs pl. 1.

Dawson, C.E. 1994. Family Syngnathidae. pp. 440-475 figs 391-426 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 240 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2008. Syngnathidae. pp. 448-479 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Seaford, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 331.

Paxton, J.R. 1975. Heraldia nocturna, a new genus and species of pipefish (family Syngnathidae) from eastern Australia with comments on Maroubra perserrata Whitley. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 40(15): 439-447 figs 1-2

Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E., Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Syngnathidae. pp. 810-846 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3 2178 pp.