Common name: Cods, grenadiers, hakes and their relatives

A diverse group of mostly bentho- and bathypelagic fishes found worldwide. Gadiform fishes live in cool to cold water habitats ranging from the deep-sea to inshore coastal waters; two species live in freshwater. The group comprises 10 families and more than 600 species, including many commercially important cods, grenadiers and hakes.  More than half the species belong to a single family, the Macrouridae, or grenadiers, the dominant benthopelagic fishes in deep slope waters of the world. Seven gadiform families occur in Australian waters.

Gadifom fishes have long-based dorsal and anal fins, pelvic fins (when present) usually inserted below or in front of the pectoral fins, mostly cycloid (smooth) scales and lack fin spines.

Author: Dianne J. Bray & Martin F. Gomon

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray & Martin F. Gomon, Cods, grenadiers, GADIFORMES in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/order/17

Order References

Cohen, D.M. 1984. Gadiformes: overview, pp. 259-265 In Moser H.G., W.J. Richards, D.M. Cohen, M.P. Fahay, A.W. Kendall, Jr. & S.L. Richardson (Eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. Spec. Publ. No. 1.

Cohen, D.M. 1998. pp. 130–132, in Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press.

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto & N. Scialabba. 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. No. 125, v. 10: i-x + 1-442.

Collin, S.P. & Collin, H.B. (1998) The deep-sea teleost cornea: A comparative study of Gadiform fishes. Histology and Histopathology 13: 325-336.

Eschmeyer, W.N. & J.D. Fong. Species of Fishes by family/subfamily. On-line version dated 17 November 2011. http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp

Fahay, M.P. & D.F. Markle. 1984. Gadiformes: Development and Relationships, pp. 265-283, In Moser H.G., W.J. Richards, D.M. Cohen, M.P. Fahay, A.W. Kendall, Jr. & S.L. Richardson (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. Spec. Publ. No. 1.

Iwamoto, T. 1999. Order Gadiformes. In Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Batoid fishes, chimeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.

Markle, D.F. 1989. Aspects of character homology and phylogeny of the Gadiformes. In Cohen, D.M. (ed). Papers on the Systematics of gadiform Fishes. Sci. Ser., Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. No. 32: i-ix + 1-262.

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the world. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey: 601 pp.

Priede, I.G., Williams, L.M., Wagner, H-J., Thom, A., Collins, M.A. Collin, S.P., Merrett, N.R. & Yau, C. (1999) Implication of the visual system in regulation of activity cycles in the absence of solar light: 2-[125I]iodomelatonin binding sites and melatonin receptor gene expression in the brains of demersal deep-sea gadiform fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society. Series B 266: 2295-2302

Richards, W.J. 2006. Order Gadiformes, Ch. 41, In W.J. Richards (ed). Early Stages Of Atlantic Fishes: An Identification Guide For The Western Central North Atlantic. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, 2640 pp.

Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp.