Common name: Bullhead Sharks, Horn Sharks
A small order of primitive and distinctive bottom-dwelling sharks with a single family, the Heterodontidae.

Bullhead or horn sharks have bony crests or ridges above the eyes, a small terminal mouth and two dorsal fins, each preceded by a large, stout spine. The sharp grasping teeth at the front of the jaws, and the crushing molars at the rear are ideal for feeding on hard-shelled invertebrates. Females lay spiral-shaped egg cases.

The heterodontiform fossil record dates back to the Early Jurassic.
Author: Dianne J. Bray

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Bullhead Sharks, HETERODONTIFORMES in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/order/20

Order References

Compagno, L.J.V. 2001. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). Rome : FAO, FAO Species Catalogue for Fisheries Purposes No. 1 Vol. 2 269 pp.