Thickray Sole, Aesopia cornuta Kaup 1858

Other Names: Dark Thick-rayed Sole, Unicorn Sole

A Thickray Sole, Aesopia cornuta, at Bali, Indonesia. Source: Andrey Ryanskiy / FishBase. License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial


A greyish to yellowish-brown sole, with darker 12-16 bars edged with black on the head, body and fins, and a black caudal fin with bright yellow blotches. The first dorsal-fin ray is elongate and thickened with many hair-like projections on the upper surface.

The Thickray Sole often lies buried in sand with only the eyes exposed.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Aesopia cornuta in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Dec 2022,

Thickray Sole, Aesopia cornuta Kaup 1858

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Recorded in Australia from Shark Bay to off the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf, WA, and east of Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and off Hinchinbrook Is, QLD to SE of Grafton, NSW; also in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere, widespread in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.

Species Citation

Aesopia cornuta Kaup, 1858, Archiv für Naturg. 24(1): 98. Type locality: British India.


Dianne J. Bray

Thickray Sole, Aesopia cornuta Kaup 1858


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef Fishes of the East Indies. Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research, Perth, Australia. 1292 pp. University of Hawai'i Press

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Evseenko, S.A. 1998. The family Achiropsettidae and its position in taxonomical and ecological classifications of the order Pleuronectiformes. Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Science Family Achiropsettidae: 1-62

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Heemstra, P.C. & Gon, O. 1986. Family No. 262: Soleidae. pp. 868-874 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Soleidae. pp. 1841-1852 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50

Kaup, J.J. 1858. Uebersicht der Soleinae, der vierten Subfamilie der Pleuronectidae. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 24(1): 94-104

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37462001

Depth:3-100 m

Habitat:Sandy, muddy bottoms

Max Size:20 cm TL

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