Bluespotted Puffer, Arothron caeruleopunctatus Matsuura 1994

Other Names: Blue-spotted Puffer

A Bluespotted Puffer, Arothron caeruleopunctatus, at Koror Island, Palau. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike


A large bluish-grey to yellowish or brownish puffer with many small dark-edged pale blue spots on the body and fins, and rings around the eyes.

Video of a Bluespotted Puffer in the Red Sea

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Arothron caeruleopunctatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jul 2020,

Bluespotted Puffer, Arothron caeruleopunctatus Matsuura 1994

More Info


Reefs in the Coral Sea to off Moreton Bay, Queensland; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west Pacific, from Reunion Island and the Maldives, east to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, and north to southern Japan.


Presumably an omnivore feeding on benthic invertebrates.

Similar Species

The Stars-and-stripes Puffer, Arothron hispidus, has a dark patch around the pectoral-fin base, the Whitespotted Pufferfish, A. meleagris, has a dark underside (vs. a pale underside in A. caeruleopunctatus), and the Starry Puffer, A. stellatus, is covered in black spots (vs pale spots in A. caeruleopunctatus).

Species Citation

Arothron caeruleopunctatus Matsuura, K. 1994, Japan. J. Ichthyol. 4(1): 29, figs 1- 2. Type locality: Holotype NSMT P45451, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. 


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Bluespotted Puffer, Arothron caeruleopunctatus Matsuura 1994


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219

Matsuura, K. 1994. Arothron caeruleopunctatus, a new puffer from the Indo-western Pacific. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 4(1): 29-33 figs 1-2

Randall, J.E., 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Shao, K., Liu, M., Jing, L., Hardy, G., Leis, J.L. & Matsuura, K. 2014. Arothron caeruleopunctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193599A2245520. Downloaded on 24 October 2017.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467066

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern


Depth:2-50 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Max Size:80 cm TL

Max Size:Reef associated

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map