Rusty-spotted Toadfish, Torquigener pallimaculatus Hardy 1983

Other Names: Orange-spotted Toadfish

A Rusty-spotted Toadfish, Torquigener pallimaculatus, in Warnboro Sound, Western Australia, January 2019. Source: David Freemantle, via Glen Whisson / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Torquigener pallimaculatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 11 Jul 2020,

Rusty-spotted Toadfish, Torquigener pallimaculatus Hardy 1983

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Cockburn Sound, Western Australia, to central Queensland.
Usually on sandy and muddy substrates in estuaries and coastal bays.

Species Citation

Torquigener pallimaculatus Hardy 1983, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 13(1/2): 20, fig. 8. Type locality: Princess Charlotte Bay, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Rusty-spotted Toadfish, Torquigener pallimaculatus Hardy 1983


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Hardy, G.S. 1983. Revision of Australian species of TorquigenerWhitley (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae), and two new generic names for Australian puffer fishes. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 13(1/2): 1-48 access 

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I.  2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161, in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth : Aqua Research and Monitoring Services, 166 pp.

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398 

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Shao, K., Leis, J.L., Hardy, G., Jing, L., Liu, M. & Sanciangco, J. 2014. Torquigener pallimaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193678A2259096. Downloaded on 07 June 2019.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467009

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern


Depth:3-84 m

Max Size:18 cm SL


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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map