Oxeye Oreodory, Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier 1829

Other Names: Ox Eyed Dory, Ox-eyed Dory, Oxeyed Oreo, Ox-eyed Oreo, Pine-cone Dory

An Oxeye Oreodory, Oreosoma atlanticum. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

Adults are uniformly brown, with darker greyish-brown fin membranes, and black gill membranes. The striking prejuveniles are a silvery blackish-violet with greenish-silvery cones and irregular blotches on the back.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2016, Oreosoma atlanticum in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jul 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1497

Oxeye Oreodory, Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier 1829

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Off Brisbane, Queensland, around southern Australia including Tasmania, to off Jurien Bay, Western Australia. Elsewhere, the species is southern circumglobal (except South America).


Dorsal fin VI-VII, 28-31; Anal fin III, 27-30; Pectoral fin 19-20; Pelvic fin I, 7: Caudal fin 13; Lateral line scales ~100.
Body moderately deep, rhomboidal, compressed; caudal peduncle narrow. Head large, predorsal profile concave, rising sharply before origin of dorsal fin; eyes very large, diameter more than twice postorbital distance; mouth very large and protrusible, upper jaw longer than snout; minute conical teeth present on jaws; operculum with strong transverse spiny crest. 
Scales on body cycloid, weakly attached, partially covering operculum but not on snout, those on nape, isthmus and ventral margin of abdomen before anus ctenoid and firmly attached; scales at bases of dorsal and anal fins ctenoid, firmly attached and slightly enlarged; few enlarged scales present below anterior dorsal-fin spines; lateral line arched markedly anteriorly. 
Dorsal fin in two parts, comprising short-based, spinous first dorsal adjacent long-based, low soft dorsal; first dorsal spine short, second spine longest, less than or equal to longest soft dorsal-fin rays; spines in all fins stout; anal fin similar to and opposite soft dorsal fin; caudal fin small, rounded. Pectoral fins small. Pelvic fins originating at midbelly; pelvic-fin spine extending to soft portion of anal fin.

Species Citation

Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier, 1829, in: Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 4: 515, pl. 94. Type locality: Atlantic.


Bray, D.J. 2016


Australian Faunal Directory

Oxeye Oreodory, Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier 1829


Bray, D.J. 1994. Families Zeidae, Oreosomatidae. pp. 416-427 figs 373-381 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Bray, D.J. 2008. Famly Oreosomatidae. pp. 441-446 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 4 518 pp. pls 72-99. 

Gilchrist, J.D.F. 1904. Descriptions of new South African fishes. Marine Investigations in South Africa 3: 1-16 18 pls (as Cyttosoma boops)

James & Inada. 1990, in Amaoka, K., K. Matsuura, T. Inada, M. Takeda, H. Hatanaka & K. Okada (eds) Fishes collected by the R/V Shinkai Maru around New Zealand. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center. 1-410.

Karrer, C. 1986. Family No. 139: Oreosomatidae. pp. 438-440 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

Tyler, J.C., O'Toole, B. & Winterbottom, R.W. 2003. Phylogeny of the genera and families of zeiform fishes, with comments on their relationships with tetraodontiforms and caproids. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 618: 1-110.

Ward, R.D., Elliott, N.G., Grewe, P.M., Last, P.R., Lowry, P.S., Innes, B.H. & Yearsley, G.K. 1998. Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA variation in three species of oreos (Teleostei: Oreosomatidae) from Australasian waters. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 32(2): 233-245.

Ward, R.D., Elliott, N.G., Yearsley, G.K. & Last, P.R. 1996. Species and stock delineation in Australasian oreas (Oreosomatidae). Final report to Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. Australia. 144 pp. + pls & appendix

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37266002

Depth:450-1946 m


Max Size:21 cm TL

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