New Zealand Dory, Cyttus novaezealandiae (Arthur 1885)

Other Names: New Zealand Silver Dory, Silver Dory

A New Zealand Dory, Cyttus novaezealandiae. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-Noncommercial


Identifying features.
Scutes absent from midline of abdomen between origins of pelvic and anal fins
Body scales cycloid, smooth to touch
spinous dorsal fin short, longest spine approximately equal to eye diameter
9–11 scales between lateral line and 1st dorsal fin

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Cyttus novaezealandiae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 May 2024,

New Zealand Dory, Cyttus novaezealandiae (Arthur 1885)

More Info


Known in Australian waters from off Gabo Island, Victoria, to off Cape Buffon, South Australia and around Tasmania; depth range 50-550 m.

Elsewhere, widespread in New Zealand, and eastwards to the Chatham Islands.


Meristic features.
Dorsal-fin spines/rays: VII–VIII, 27–30 
Anal-fin spines/rays: II, 27-30
Caudal fin rays: 13
Pectoral fin rays: 10-12
Pelvic fin spines/rays: I, 6
Lateral line: 70-87

Body deep, subrhombic; scales cycloid, smooth to touch, firmly attached; 9–11 scales between highest point of lateral line and spinous dorsal fin.


Body rosy-silver, dorsal surface from tip of snout to dorsal-fin origin slightly darker; membranes of spinous dorsal and pelvic fins black; anterior 1/3 of caudal fin white, remainder pink with dark posterior margin; fins otherwise pink.


Although taken as bycatch in trawls, the New Zealand Dory is too small to be commercially important.


EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
IUCN Red List : Least Concern

Species Citation

Zeus novae-zealandiae Arthur, 1885, Trans. New Zeal. Inst. 17: 163, off Otago Heads, New Zealand.


Dianne J. Bray

New Zealand Dory, Cyttus novaezealandiae (Arthur 1885)


Arthur, W. 1885. Notes on New Zealand fishes. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 17(16): 160-172 pl. 14

Auster, P. 2010. Cyttus novaezealandiae. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 January 2013.

Bray, D.J. 1994. Families Zeidae, Oreosomatidae. pp. 416-427 figs 373-381 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Bray, D.J. 2008. Family Cyttidae. pp. 435-438 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Furlani, D., R. Gales & D. Pemberton. 2007. Otoliths of Common Australian Temperate Fish: A Photographic Guide. CSIRO Publishing, 216 pp.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961]

Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts & P. McMillan. 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 pp.

Paxton, J.R., Bray, D.J., Gates, J.E. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Cyttidae. pp. 787-788. in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.

Tyler, J.C., O'Toole, B. & Winterbottom, R.W. 2003. Phylogeny of the genera and families of zeiform fishes, with comments on their relationships with tetraodontiforms and caproids. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 618: 1-110

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37264005

Conservation:IUCN Least concern

Depth:50-550 m

Habitat:Continental shelf & upper slope, near bottom

Max Size:40 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map