Smooth Hammerhead, Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus 1758)

Other Names: Common Hammerhead Shark, Hammerhead Shark, Hammerheaded Shark, Smooth Hammerhead Shark

A Smooth Hammerhead, Sphyrna zygaena, from Papakura Channel, Manukau Harbour, New Zealand. Source: Clinton Duffy / FishBase. License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial

A hammerhead species with the front margin of the head curved forward with no median indentation. Body olive-green to dark greyish-brown above, white below, with dusky pectoral-fin tips. Teeth finely serrated.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Sphyrna zygaena in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Jun 2024,

Smooth Hammerhead, Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus 1758)

More Info


Widespread in Australia from the Coral Sea off Innisfail, Queensland, around the south to about Barrow Island, Western Australia; also at Lord Howe Island and Norfolk island in the Tasman Sea. Prefers relatively shallow waters on the continental shelf, including coastal waters, bays and estuaries..


  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Vulnerable
  • CITES Listed: Appendix II
  • Author

    Bray, D.J. 2019

    Smooth Hammerhead, Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus 1758)


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    Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

    Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp.

    Compagno, L.J.V. 1998. Family Sphyrnidae. pp. 1361-1366 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp.

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  • Quick Facts

    CAAB Code:37019004

    Conservation:IUCN Vulnerable; CITES Listed

    Depth:0-80 m

    Fishing:Fished for their fins


    Max Size:400 cm TL

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