Australian Anchovy, Engraulis australis (White 1790)

Other Names: Anchovy, Blue Bait, Frogmouth, Frogmouth Pilchard, Smig, Southern Anchovy, Whitebait

The Australian Anchovy, Engraulis australis. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved


Small slender slightly compressed fishes with a bluntly rounded snout protruding well beyond the mouth. The Australian Anchovy is greenish above, silvery white below, with broad silver stripe along the midside.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Engraulis australis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 Oct 2021,

Australian Anchovy, Engraulis australis (White 1790)

More Info


Widespread in temperate waters from central Queensland, southwards to about Shark Bay, Western Australia, including around Tasmania. 

Australian Anchovies are pelagic schooling fishes found in depths from 0-200 metres. The species mostly occurs in bays, inlets and estuaries, also adults are also found in offshore waters.


Feeds on zooplankton in the water column.


Australian Anchovies are of minor commercial importance and are used as bait.


Dianne J. Bray

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37086001

Depth:0-200 m

Fishing:Commercially important


Max Size:16 cm TL

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