Threespine Frogfish, Batrachomoeus trispinosus (Günther 1861)

Other Names: Broadbent's Frogfish, Threespine Toadfish, Three-spined Frogfish

A Threespine Frogfish. Batrachomoeus trispinosus, at Ko Doc mai, Thailand, November 2009. Source: @perigor2000 / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Batrachomoeus trispinosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Oct 2021,

Threespine Frogfish, Batrachomoeus trispinosus (Günther 1861)

More Info


Northern Australia, from Barrow Island, Westrn Australia, to Maroochydore, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and New Guinea. Occurs in a range of habitats from intertidal areas near mangroves, estuaries, and reefs to depths of 68 m

Species Citation

Batrachus trispinosus Günther 1861, Cat. Fish. Brit. Mus. 3: 169. Type locality: Singapore and Penang, Malaysia.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Threespine Frogfish, Batrachomoeus trispinosus (Günther 1861)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Bean, B.A. & Weed, A.C. 1912. Notes on a collection of fishes from Java, made by Owen Bryant and William Palmer in 1909, with description of a new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 42: 587-611 

Blaber, S.J.M., Salini, J.P. & Brewer, D.T. 1990. A checklist of the fishes of Albatross Bay and the Embley estuary, north-eastern Gulf of Carpentaria. CSIRO Marine Laboratory. Report 210: 1-22 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Greenfield, D.W. 1999. Family Batrachoididae. pp. 1999-2003 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. 

Günther, A. 1861. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. London : British Museum Vol. 3 586 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. 1976. A revision of the Australian frogfishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum 4(1): 3-43 figs 1-17 

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

McCulloch, A.R. & Whitley, G.P. 1925. A list of the fishes recorded from Queensland waters. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 8(2): 125-182 (as Pseudobatrachus broadbenti)

Ogilby, J.D. 1908. Revision of the Batrachoididae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 9(2): 43-57 (as Batrachomoeus broadbenti)

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Taylor, W.R. 1964. Fishes of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4: 44-307 figs 1-68 

Whitley, G.P. 1954. New locality records for some Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1952–53: 23-30 figs 1-5 (misidentified as Batrachomoeus dahli)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37205003

Depth:0-68 m

Habitat:Reef associated, estuaries

Max Size:26 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map