Spinner Shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna (Valenciennes 1839)


Other Names: Eastern Sand Shark, Inkytail Shark, Inky-tail Shark, Longnose Grey Shark, Long-nose Grey Shark, Long-nosed Grey Shark, Smoothfang Shark, Smooth-fanged Shark

A sequence of images of a Spinner Shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna, at Tampa, Florida, January 2016. Source: Matthew Paulson / Flickr. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives

Summary:

The Spinner Shark is characterised by the presence of black tips to all but the pelvic fins and noticeably small teeth in the upper jaw. It is named for its spectacular spinning leaps out of the water when chasing fish, although this behaviour has not been noted in Australia. It is an active schooling species that prefers shallow coastal waters.  

Video of Spinner Sharks leaping from the water in Florida.

Cite this page as:
Reardon, M.B. & Bray, D.J. 2017, Carcharhinus brevipinna in Fishes of Australia, accessed 07 Apr 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/2884

Spinner Shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna (Valenciennes 1839)

More Info


Distribution

Geographe Bay, south Western Australia, around the tropical north to southern New South Wales. Elsewhere the species is found worldwide in warm temperate, subtropical and tropical continental and insular shelf waters. Inhabits nearshore waters in bays, off beaches and river mouths, and is also pelagic in offshore waters. 

Features

Interdorsal ridge absent; labial furrows conspicuous; upper teeth with very slender, erect cusps.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on bony fishes; also consumes small rays and cephalopods.

Remarks

Named for its unusual habit of leaping from the water, rotating as many as three times before falling back into the water, usually on its back.

Species Citation

Carcharias (Aprion) brevipinna Valenciennes, in Müller & Henle 1839, Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen: 31, pl. 9. Type locality: mounted skin, Java.

Author

Reardon, M.B. & Bray, D.J. 2017

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Spinner Shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna (Valenciennes 1839)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Burgess, G.H. 2009. Carcharhinus brevipinna. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 23 November 2014.

Capape, C., Hemida, F., Seck, A.A., Diatta, Y., Guelorget, O. & Zaouali, J. 2003. Distribution and reproductive biology of the spinner shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna (Muller and Henle, 1841) (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae). Israel Journal of Zoology 49 (4): 269–286. 

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. 

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp. 

Compagno, L.J.V. & Niem, V.H. 1998. Family Carcharhinidae. pp. 1312-1360 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp. 

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia (sharks, skates and rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 36: 1-528 pls 1-77 

Garrick, J.A.F. 1982. Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus. National Marine Fisheries Service (U.S.). Technical Report 445: 1-194 figs 1-83

Geraghty, P.T., Macbeth, W.G., Harry, A.V., Bell, J.E., Yerman, M.N. & Williamson, J.E. 2013. Age and growth parameters for three heavily exploited shark species off temperate eastern Australia. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi.10.1093/icesjms/fst164.


Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Gray, J.E. 1851. List of the Specimens of Fish in the Collection of the British Museum. Chondropterygii. London : British Museum 160 pp., 2 pls. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp. Macbeth, W.G., Vandenberg, M. & Graham, K.J. 2008. Identifying Sharks and Rays; A guide to Commercial Fishers. Sydney : New South Wales Department of Primary Industry pp. 71. 

Müller, J. & Henle, F.G.J. 1839. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin : Veit & Co pp. 29-102 pls. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Stead, D.G. 1963. Sharks and Rays of Australian Seas. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 211 pp. 63 figs. 

Whitley, G.P. 1939. Taxonomic notes on sharks and rays. The Australian Zoologist 9(3): 227-262 figs 1-18 pls 20-22 

Whitley, G.P. 1940. The Fishes of Australia. Part 1. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Roy. Zool. Soc. N.S.W. 280 pp. 303 figs. 

Whitley, G.P. 1943. Ichthyological descriptions and notes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 68(3, 4): 114-144 figs 1-12 

Whitley, G.P. 1944. New sharks and fishes from Western Australia. The Australian Zoologist 10(3): 252-273 figs 1-6

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37018023

Conservation:IUCN Near Threatened

Danger:Potentially dangerous

Depth:1-75 m

Fishing:Commercial

Habitat:Coastal, pelagic

Max Size:278 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map