Paleblotched Pipefish, Phoxocampus diacanthus (Schultz 1943)

Other Names: Pale-blotched Pipefish

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Phoxocampus diacanthus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 Feb 2020,

Paleblotched Pipefish, Phoxocampus diacanthus (Schultz 1943)

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Tropical Indo-West Pacific, from the central and eastern Indian Ocean (Sri Lanka, Indonesia) and Pacific Ocean, eastwards to Samoa, north to Japan. In Australian waters, recorded from the Great Barrier Reef, from the Sir Charles Hardy Island (Qld) southwards to the Cooktown region (Qld). Inhabits rocky or coral reef areas (including tidepools) to a maximum depth of 40m.


Reaches at least 90mm.


Likely to feed on small crustaceans.


Reproductivge mode: Ovoviviparous - eggs are brooded in a pouch on the underside of the tail.


Of no interest to fisheries or aquaculture.


CITES: not listed.

IUCN Red List Status: not evaluated.

Australian Commonwealth legislation: Marine listed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).


Dianne J. Bray

Paleblotched Pipefish, Phoxocampus diacanthus (Schultz 1943)


Dawson, C.E. 1977. Synopsis of Syngnathine pipefishes usually referred to the genus Ichthyocampus Kaup, with description of new genera and species. Bulletin of Marine Science 27(4); 595-650.

Dawson, C.E. (1985). Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA, 230pp.

Fricke, R. 2004 Review of the pipefishes and seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) of New Caledonia, with descriptions of five new species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturkd., Ser. A Nr. 668:1-67.

Kuiter, R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Aquatic Photographics, Seaford, Australia. Pp. 1–333.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A Comprehensive Guide to the Coral Reef Fishes of Micronesia. Third Revised edition. Coral Graphics, Guam. USA. 330pp.

Paxton, J.R., J.E. Gates, D.F. Hoese & D.J. Bray. 2006. Syngnathidae (Pp. 810–846). In  Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (Eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Australia., 3 vols.

Senou, H., S. Kato & K. Furuse (1998). First record of the pipefish Phoxocampus diacanthus from Japan. I.O.P. Diving News 9(1): 4-7.

Schultz, L.P.1943. Fishes of the Phoenix and Samoan islands collected in 1939 during the expedition of the U. S. S. "Bushnell." Bulletin of the United States National Museum 180: i-x + 1-316, Pls. 1-9.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37282096

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map