Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)

Other Names: Slender Hammerhead

A juvenile Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii, caught in King Sound, Western Australia. Source: David Morgan / Freshwater Fish Group & Fish Health Unit, Murdoch University. License: All rights reserved


A hammerhead shark with a very wide, narrow wing-like head that has small bumps along the edges in front of the nostrils, short triangular-shaped pectoral fins and teeth with smooth edges.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Eusphyra blochii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Jul 2024,

Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)

More Info


Recorded in Australian waters from the Monte Bello Islands, Western Australia, to about Ingham, Queensland. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from the Arabian Gulf through south Asia, Indonesia and China to northern Australia. Inhabits shallow inshore and continental shelf waters, occasionally entering estuaries. 


Feeds on bony fishes, crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs.


Winghead Sharks are a slow growing species attaining a maximum known total length of 186 cm, a maximum age of 21 years with a generation length of 14 years. Females produce litters each year of up to 11 young after an 8-11 month gestation period. The pups are born at about 45 cm TL, and mature at about 110 cm TL.


Fished throughout its range, and particularly susceptible to being entangled in fishing nets due to the head shape. The Winged Shark comprises a small proportion of the catch in Australia.

Species Citation

Zygaena blochii Cuvier, 1816, Règne Animal 2: 127 (based on figure in Bloch, 1785). Type locality: no locality specified.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)


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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37019003

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern (AUS); Endangered (Global)

Depth:0-40 m

Fishing:Fished for their fins

Max Size:186 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map