Gulf Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes bougainvillii (Cuvier 1829)

Other Names: Gulf Gurnard Scorpionfish, Gulf Perch

Gulf Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes bougainvillii, at the Glenelg Artificial Reef (Dredge), Gulf St Vincent, South Australia. Source: David Muirhead / MLSSA, License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike


Identifying features:
Hind margin of pectoral fin bilobed;
Smaller drak brown patches on upper part of body posteriorly;
Underside of lower jaw with 3 distinct pores and longitudinal ridges on each side;ith a large dark brown patch on anterior part of body extending onto spinous dorsal fin;
Reddish-brown with a large dark brown patch on anterior part of body extending onto spinous dorsal fin;
Smaller dark brown patches on upper part of body posteriorly and irregular orange spots on lower part of body;
Pectoral and caudal fins with a broad dark band;
Occipital pit long, narrow and very deep without scales.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Neosebastes bougainvillii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 11 Dec 2023,

Gulf Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes bougainvillii (Cuvier 1829)

More Info


Endemic to southern Australia from Kangaroo Island and Gulf St Vincent, South Australia, to Shark Bay, Western Australia.


Meristic features:

Dorsal fin VIII, 8-9 (third spine longest); Anal fin III, 5; Pectoral fin 20-21, distal margin bilobed; Lateral-line scales (pored)33-38; longitudinal scale series 62-69; scale rows between base of last dorsal-fin spine and lateral line 7 or 8; Gill rakers 0-1 + 5-7 (total 5-8 plus rudiments).


Taken as bycatch in commercial trawls.

Species Citation

Sebastes bougainvillii Cuvier, 1829, Hist. Nat. Poiss. 4: 349. Type locality: Indian Ocean.


Dianne J. Bray

Gulf Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes bougainvillii (Cuvier 1829)


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Cross, N.J. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Neosebastidae. pp. 871-875 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp. [95] (as N. panticus)

Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 4 518 pp. pls 72-99. [349].

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Johnson, J.W. & Motomura, H. 2008. Family Neosebastidae. pp. 489-495 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [485] (as N. panticus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. [258] (as N. panticus)

Motomura, H. 2004. Revision of the scorpionfish genus Neosebastes (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 37: 1-76

McCulloch, A.R. & Waite, E.R. 1918. Some new and little known fishes from South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum 1(1): 39-78 figs 26-31 pls 2-7 [64, pl. 4, fig. 1, as Neosebastes pantica].

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [445] (as N. pantica)

Poss, S.G. 1994. Family Scorpaenidae. pp. 477-494 figs 428-441 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37287004

Danger:Venomous spines

Depth:15-147 m

Max weight:40 cm TL


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CAAB distribution map