Smoky Puller, Chromis fumea (Tanaka 1917)


Other Names: Fawn Chromis, Smokey Chromis, Smokey Puller, Yellow Demoiselle

A Smoky Puller, Chromis fumea, at Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

Summary:
A pale to dark brown or yellowish-brown chromis, becoming silvery-white below (sometimes abruptly), with a black spot in the pectoral-fin axil, a small white spot at the rear base of the dorsal fin, and a dark brown to black streak along the upper and lower caudal-fin lobes.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Chromis fumea in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Mar 2021, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/324

Smoky Puller, Chromis fumea (Tanaka 1917)

More Info


Distribution

Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia, to east of Margaret Harries Bank, Timor Sea, Northern Territory, and the Sydney region, New South Wales, with juveniles south to Montague Island (Kuiter & Kuiter 2018); also Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical and temperate east-Indo-west Pacific, including northern New Zealand.
Inhabits rocky and coral reefs at depths to 25 m, usually below 10 m.

Features

Dorsal fin XIII-XIV, 10-12; Anal fin II, 9-10; Pectoral fin 18-20; Lateral-line scales 17-19; Gill rakers 26-32.
Body depth 2.0-2.4 in SL.

Feeding

Feeds on plankton in the water column.

Biology

The Smoky Puller is a demersal spawner and pairs build nests on open reef surfaces during the breeding season. The demersal eggs are spawned onto these surfaces and the pelagic larvae hatch after three days.

Species Citation

Pomacentrus fumeus Tanaka, 1917, Zool. Mag. Tokyo 29(339): 7-12 [in Japanese] Type locality: Nagasaki, Japan.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Smoky Puller, Chromis fumea (Tanaka 1917)

References


Allen, G.R. 1976. Two new species of damselfishes (Pomacentridae) from Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 4(2): 133-144 figs 1-2

Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag 271 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G. R. 2001. Family Pomacentridae. pp. in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Carpenter, K.E., Yeeting, B. & Jenkins, A. 2017. Chromis fumea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T188556A1892463. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T188556A1892463.en. Downloaded on 7 September 2019.
Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Francis, M.P. 2019. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Version: 2019.2 figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4428305.v2

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398 

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Stewart, A.L., Roberts, C.D. & Struthers, C.D. 2015. Family Pomacentridae. pp. 1406-1423 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Tanaka, S. 1917. Eleven new species of the fishes from Japan. Zoological Magazine, Tokyo 29(339): 7-12 [in Japanese]

Wantiez, L. & Thollot, P. 2000. Settlement, post-settlement mortality and growth of the damselfish Chromis fumea (Pisces: Pomacentridae) on two artificial reefs in New Caledonia (south-west Pacific ocean). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 80: 1111-1118. 

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37372004

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-25 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map