Kaup's Cut-throat Eel, Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson 1862

Other Names: Gray's Cutthroat, Kaup's Arrowtooth Eel, Long-nose Eel, Longnosed Eel, Northern Cutthroat Eel, Slatjaw Cutthroat Eel

Kaup's Cut-throat Eel, Synaphobranchus kaupii, from the Cape Verde Islands - USNM 405030. Source: Kimberly Wieber/ /Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Division of Fishes. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

A dark purplish-grey cut-throat eel.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Synaphobranchus kaupii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3299

Kaup's Cut-throat Eel, Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson 1862

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Off central New South Wales, to the North West Shelf, Western Australia; also on the Lord Howe Rise and Norfolk Ridge in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species widespread in all oceans except for the eastern Pacific Ocean, mostly in depths of 400-2000 m.


Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans.

Species Citation

Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1862 (2) (2): 169. Type locality: Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic.


Bray, D.J. 2017

Kaup's Cut-throat Eel, Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson 1862


Gordon, J.D.M. & Mauchline, J. 1996. The distribution and diet of the dominant, slope-dwelling eel, Synaphobranchus kaupi, of the Rockall Trough. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 76(2): 493-503.

Gordon, J.D.M. & Duncan, J.A.R. 1987. Deep-sea bottom-living fishes at two repeat stations at 2,200 and 2,900 m in the Rockall Trough, northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Biol. 96: 309-325.

Haedrich, R.L. & Merrett, N.R. 1988. Summary atlas of deep-living demersal fishes in the North Atlantic Basin. J. Nat. Hist. 22: 1325-1362.

Karmovskaya, E. & Rijnsdorp, A.D. 2015. Synaphobranchus kaupii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T155246A45881837. Downloaded on 15 July 2017.

Merrett, N.G. & Marshall, N.B. 1981. Observations on the ecology of deep-sea bottom-living fishes collected off northwest Africa (08°-27°N). Prog. Oceanogr. 9: 185-244.

Priede, I.G., Bagley, P.M., Smith, A., Creasy, S. & Merrett, N.R. 1994. Scavenging deep demersal fishes of the Porcupine seabight, north-east Atlantic: Observations by baited camera, trap and trawl. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 74(3): 481-498.

Robins, C.H. & Robins, C.R. 1989. Family Synapohobranchidae. pp. 207-244 in Böhlke, E.B. (ed.). Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. New Haven : The Sears Foundation of Marine Research, Yale University Pt 9 Vol. 1 655 pp.

Smith, D.G. 1999. Family Synaphobranchidae. pp. 1658-1661 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Sulak, K.J. & Shcherbachev, Y.N. 1997. Zoogeography and systematics of six deep-living genera of synaphobranchid eels, with a key to taxa and description of two new species of Ilyophis. Bulletin of Marine Science 60(3): 1158-1194.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37070008

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:120-2500 m

Habitat:Benthopelagic, continental slope

Max Size:100 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map