Sand Mullet, Myxus elongatus Günther 1861

Other Names: Black Spot Mullet, Bully Mullet, Lano, Poddy, Tallegalene, Wide Bay Mullet

Sand Mullet, Myxus elongatus, at Fairy Bower, Manly, New South Wales, July 2008. Source: Richard Ling / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A silvery olive-green to reddish-brown mullet becoming pale silvery below, with a gold blotch on the gill cover, a black spot on the upper pectoral-fin base, a white margin on anal fin. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Myxus elongatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Sand Mullet, Myxus elongatus Günther 1861

More Info


Heron Island, southern Queensland, to Mandurah, Western Australia, and northern and eastern Tasmania; also the Lord Howe Island region and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the south-west Pacific.
Form schools in shallow coastal waters and lower estuaries, and juveniles may enter freshwaters.


Feeds on small crustaceans and molluscs, and microscopic algae.


Sand mullet spawn near estuary mouths or in the sea.


The Sand Mullet is of minor commercial and recreational importance.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Sand Mullet, Myxus elongatus Günther 1861


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Francis, M.P. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Further additions to the fish faunas of Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 118-135 figs 1-22 pls 1-4 

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.) Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Mugilidae. pp. 390-394 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Günther, A. 1861. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. London : British Museum Vol. 3 586 pp. 

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kendall, B.W. & C.A. Gray. 2008. Reproductive biology of two co-occurring mugilids, Liza argentea and Myxus elongatus, in south-eastern Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 963–97.

Kendall, B.W., Gray, C.A. & Bucher, D. 2009. Age validation and variation in growth, mortality and population structure of Liza argentea and Myxus elongatus (Mugilidae) in two temperate Australian estuaries. Journal of Fish Biology 75: 2788–2804.

Kner, R. 1865. Reise des Österreichischen Fregatte Novara un die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859, unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstand-Urbair. Zool. Theil. Fische 1 und 2. Abteilung. Wien : Kurl Gerold's & Sohn 272 pp.  (as Mugil crenidens)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1994. Family Mugilidae. pp. 659-664, figs 578-581 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

Ogilby, J.D. 1897. New genera and species of Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 22(1): 62-95 (as Cestraeus norfolcensis)

Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp. 

Thomson, J.M. 1996. Family Mugilidae. pp. 191-197 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.) Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. 

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37381003

Depth:0-20 m

Max Size:40 cm TL

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