Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus (Günther 1880)

Other Names: Black Shark, New Zealand Lanternshark, New Zealand Lantern-shark, Seal Shark, Southern Lantern Shark, Stout Deepsea Shark

Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus. Source: Robin McPhee & Kerryn Parkinson / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2023, Etmopterus granulosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 May 2024,

Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus (Günther 1880)

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Southern New South Wales to south of Warrnambool, Victoria, including around Tasmania. Elsewhere the species is widespread with a patchy distribution in the Southern Hemisphere. Inhabits upper continental and insular slopes, and seamounts at depths of 220-1,500 m, commonly at depths >600 m. 



Males mature at 46–68 cm TL; females mature at 62–69 cm TL; size at birth ~17-20 cm TL. Age at maturity has been estimated as 20 years (males) and 30 years (females). Reproduction is lecithotrophic viviparous and presumed to be asynchronous; litter size is 6-16 pups with an average of 10.



This species has previously been known as Etmopterus baxteri in Australia. Straube et al. 2011 determined that E. granulosus Günther 1880, described from Chile, is widespread in the southern hemisphere and is synonymous with Etmopterus baxteri Garrick 1957.


Bray, D.J. 2023


Atlas of Living Australia

Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus (Günther 1880)


Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 4(1) pp. 1-249. (as Etmopterus baxteri and E. granulosus)

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp. (as Etmopterus baxteri and E. granulosus)

Daley, R., Stevens, J. and Graham, K. 2002. Catch analysis and productivity of the deepwater dogfish resource in southern Australia. Report by CSIRO Marine Research and NSW Fisheries to the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. FRDC Project 1998/108.

Daley, R.K., Stevens, J.D., Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. 2002. Field Guide to Australian Sharks & Rays. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 84 pp. (as Etmopterus baxteri)

Finucci, B. & Lamilla, J. 2018. Etmopterus granulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T116856245A3120311. Accessed on 06 July 2023.

Garrick, J.A.F. 1957. Studies on New Zealand Elasmobranchii. Part VI — Two new species of Etmopterus from New Zealand. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 116(3): 171-190 figs 1-4 (described as Etmopterus baxteri, type locality south of Kaikoura, New Zealand.

Günther, A. 1880. Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H.M.S Challenger, in the years 1872–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 1(6): 1-82 pls 1-32 See ref at BHL

Irvine, S.B., Stevens, J.D. & Laurenson, L.J.B. 2006. Comparing external and internal dorsal-spine bands to interpret the age and growth of the giant lantern shark, Etmopterus baxteri (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 77(7): 253-264.

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls.
Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp. (as Etmopterus baxteri)

Last, P.R. & Stewart, A.L. 2015. 25 Family Etmopteridae (pp. 139-147) in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 2 pp. 1-576.

Stevens, J.D. 1994. Families Echinorhinidae, Squalidae, Oxynotidae, Parascyllidae, Orectolobidae. pp. 91-118 figs 28-73 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Etmopterus baxteri)

Tachikawa, H., Taniuchi, T. & Arai, R. 1989. Etmopterus baxteri, a junior synonym of E. granulosus (Elasmobranchii, Squalidae). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo A, Zoology 15(4): 235-241

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37020021


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:220-1500 m

Max Size:88 cm TL

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