Greeneye Spurdog, Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura 2007

Other Names: Blainvilles Dogfish, Blainville's Dogfish, Green-eye Dogfish, Grey Spiny Dogfish, Northern Dogfish, Northern Spiny Dogfish, Shortspine Spurdog, Shortspine Spurdog, Spikey Dogfish, Spiny Dogfish

A Greeneye Spurdog, Squalus chloroculus. Source: CSIRO National Fish Collection. License: CC BY Attribution


A medium sized dogfish with a broad, pointed snout. Grey on the dorsal surface and pale on the ventral surface. Notable for a dark marginal bar above the posterior notch of the caudal fin. Very similar to Squalus montalbani both species where previously incorrectly grouped as Squalus mitsukurii.

Cite this page as:
Bray D.J. & Wood D.R. 2018, Squalus chloroculus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024,

Greeneye Spurdog, Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura 2007

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Endemic to southern Australia from off Ulladulla, NSW, to the Great Australian Bight, WA.


Medium sized dogfish with a broad, pointed snout. With a short caudal fin notable for a dark marginal bar above the posterior notch. Small second dorsal fin, Similar blade like teeth in the Upper and Lower jaw and lacking white spots. This first dorsal fin spine smaller than the second.


A viviparous (aplacental) species. Males mature at 68 cm TL.

Species Citation

Squalus chloroculus Last,  White & Motomura, 2007, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 14: 47, figs 6-10. Type locality: off Portland, VIC [38°S, 141°E]. 


Bray D.J. & Wood D.R. 2018

Greeneye Spurdog, Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura 2007


Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp. (p. 77, as S. mitsukurii, in part)

Compagno, L.J.V. & Niem, V.H. 1998. Hexanchidae, Echinorhinidae, Squalidae. pp. 1208-1232 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp. (p. 1230, as S. mitsukurii, in part)

Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Motomura, H. 2007. Part 6 — Description of Squalus chloroculus sp. nov., a new spurdog from southern Australia, and the resurrection of S. montalbani Whitley. pp. 55-69 in Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds). Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 14: 1-130.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. (p. 140, (as Squalus blainvillei)

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. (p. 49, 101 figs 8.24, 8.39, pl. 5, as Squalus mitsukurii)

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp.

Rochowski, B.E.A., K.J. Graham, R.W. Day & T.I. Walker. 2015. Reproductive biology of the greeneye spurdog Squalus chloroculus (Squaliformes, Squalidae). Journal of Fish Biology Online early DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12593

Stevens, J.D. 1994. Families Echinorhinidae, Squalidae, Oxynotidae, Parascyllidae, Orectolobidae. pp. 91-118 figs 28-73 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (p. 107, as Squalus mitsukurii)

White, W. 2008. Shark Families Heterodontidae to Pristiophoridae. pp. 32-100 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37020048

Biology:Aplacental viviparous

Depth:216–1360 m

Max Size:99 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map