Northern Spiny Dogfish, Squalus griffini Phillipps 1931

A Northern Spiny Dogfish, Squalus griffini, from off White Island/Volkner Rocks, New Zealand, collected 02 Dec 2003 - NMNZ P.039893. Source: Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives

In Australia, the Northern Spiny Dogfish was previously misidentified as Squalus mitsukurii. It has not been recorded from mainland Australia.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Squalus griffini in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jun 2024,

Northern Spiny Dogfish, Squalus griffini Phillipps 1931

More Info


Known from the Norfolk Ridge in the Tasman Sea, in Australia's EEZ. Elsewhere the species occurs on the New Zealand continental shelf north of the Subtropical Front, including Chatham Rise and Challenger Plateau; also north of New Zealand on the Wanganella Bank and the Norfolk Ridge (to at least Norfolk Island), the Kermadec Ridge (to at least Raoul Island, 29°S) and the Louisville Ridge.


Feeds on a range of demersal fishes, cephalopod molluscs and decapod crustaceans.


Females grow to least 110 cm total length (TL) and males to at least 89.8 cm TL. Males mature between 69–76 cm TL; smallest pregnant female 86.5 cm TL, largest immature female 90 cm TL. 
Females give birth to litters of 6-11 pups (usually 7-8 pups), born at about 27 cm TL. 


The species is fished commercially in New Zealand waters.

Species Citation

Squalus griffini Phillipps 1931, N.Z. J. Sci. Tech. 12(6): 360. Type locality: Hauraki Gulf, North Island, New Zealand.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Northern Spiny Dogfish, Squalus griffini Phillipps 1931


Duffy, C.A.J. & Last, P.R. 2007. Part 9 – Redescription of the Northern Spiny Dogfish Squalus griffini Phillipps, 1931 from New Zealand. pp. 91-100 in Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds). Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 14: 1-130 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. (as Squalus mitsukurii)

Phillipps, W.J. 1931. New species of piked dogfish. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 12(6): 360-361 

Whitley, G.P. 1940. The Fishes of Australia. Part 1. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Roy. Zool. Soc. N.S.W. 280 pp. 303 figs. (as Flakeus griffini)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37020054

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:131-616 m

Max Size:110 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map