Japanese Pineapplefish, Monocentris japonica (Houttuyn 1782)

Other Names: Japanese Pineapple-fish, Pineconefish

A Japanese Pineapplefish, Monocentris japonica, at Numazu-shi, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Source: Nemo's Great Uncle / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Body yellow, armoured in huge sculptured scales each outlined in black, lower jaw black with a light organ on each side of the chin, and large robust dorsal and pelvic-fin spines.

Video of a Japanese Pineapplefish.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Monocentris japonica in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 Jan 2020,

Japanese Pineapplefish, Monocentris japonica (Houttuyn 1782)

More Info


Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea and South Africa, to Indonesia, Southern Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Nocturnal, sheltering in caves and under ledges during the day.

Similar Species

Differs from the Australian Pineapplefish, Cleidopus gloriamaris, in having the light organ positioned near the tip of the lower jaw (vs on the sides in Cleidopus), a more pointed snout and a narrow preorbital bone.


Dianne J. Bray

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37259002



Depth:10-200 m

Fishing:In public aquaria

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:17 cm TL

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