Bigeye Gurnard Perch, Maxillicosta lopholepis Eschmeyer & Poss 1976

Bigeye Gurnard Perch, Maxillicosta lopholepis. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Maxillicosta lopholepis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Bigeye Gurnard Perch, Maxillicosta lopholepis Eschmeyer & Poss 1976

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Endemic to Western Australia, from off Cervantes to Bernier Island.


Dorsal fin XXIII, 7 (4th spine longest); Anal fin III, 5 (second longer than third); Pectoral fin 21-22: Caudal fin 11 principal rays; Gill rakers (incl rudiments) 11, 3 on upper arch, uppermost rudimentary, 8 on lower arch, 1-2 lowermost rudimentary; Vertebrae 26.
Dermal appendages absent except for flap on anterior nostril; gasbladder absent. 

Similar Species

The Bigeye Gurnard Perch has the scales above lateral line behind head with a strong median ridge ending in a well-developed spine, running up and back through middle of exposed portion of scale.


The specific name lopholepis is from Greek lophos (= ridge) and lepis (= scale), in reference to the spinous ridge on the scales above the lateral line.

Species Citation

Maxillicosta lopholepis Eschmeyer & Poss 1976, Bull. Mar. Sci. 26(4): 441, fig. 6. Type locality: 11.3 km west of Cape Couture, Bernier Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Bigeye Gurnard Perch, Maxillicosta lopholepis Eschmeyer & Poss 1976


Eschmeyer, W.N. & Poss, S.G. 1976. Review of the scorpionfish genus Maxillicosta (Pisces : Scorpaenidae), with a description of three new species from the Australian-New Zealand region. Bulletin of Marine Science 26(4): 433-449 figs 1-10 PDF available, open access

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 

Motomura, H., Last, P.R. & White, W.T. 2005. First records of a scorpionfish, Maxillicosta raoulensis (Scorpaeniformes, Neosebastidae), from the Tasman Sea, with fresh colour notes for the species. Biogeography 7: 85-90

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37287056

Danger:Venomous spines

Depth:40-100 m

Max Size:5 cm SL


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