Warty Handfish, Thymichthys verrucosus (McCulloch & Waite 1918)


Other Names: Warty Anglerfish

A Warty Handfish, Thymichthys verrucosus. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A rare handfish with a variable colour pattern - usually pink or greyish with paler and darker blotches, spots and streaks sometimes forming net-like pattern, a mostly blackish caudal peduncle, and mostly pale fins with faint spots.

Cite this page as:
Martin F. Gomon & Dianne J. Bray, Thymichthys verrucosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 Jan 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/4325

Warty Handfish, Thymichthys verrucosus (McCulloch & Waite 1918)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to southern Australia from south of Montague Island, New South Wales, to off Wilson Bluff, South Australia, and to Gellibrand Point, Tasmania. 

Features

Meristic features: Dorsal fin I + II + 13-17; Anal fin 6-9; Caudal fin 9; Pectoral fin 7-9; Pelvic fin I, 4.
Body short, tapering, posterior half robust; belly frequently enlarged. Head large, depth greater than depth of expanded tail, rounded or slightly compressed in cross-section; eyes small; mouth small, reaching to below centre of eye; teeth tiny, narrow band in each jaw; gill opening a tiny tubular pore behind pectoral-fin base.

Scales absent;  skin smooth, covered in minute warts, lacking spinules; long fleshy filaments between soft dorsal-fin origin and gill pore and on upper base of pectoral fin; other areas of body and first dorsal fin frequently with smaller filaments.

Dorsal fins in three unconnected parts, illicium (first spine), spinous dorsal and soft dorsal; illicium prominent, based on tip of snout, undamaged lure 30-50% length of whole structure; spinous dorsal on top of head, of moderate height, anterior margin of first spine smooth; soft dorsal moderately low, lower half of fin usually covered with sheath of warty skin; anal fin of moderate size, below posterior half of soft dorsal; caudal fin narrow, rounded. Pectoral fin arm-like, tip directed laterally forwards and downwards. Pelvic fins jugular.

Fisheries

Occasionally caught by fishermen dredging for scallops.

Species Citation

Sympterichthys verrucosus McCulloch & Waite, 1918, Rec. S. Austr.  Mus. 1(1): 76, pl. 7, fig. 3. Type locality: St Vincent Gulf, South Australia.

Author

Martin F. Gomon & Dianne J. Bray

Warty Handfish, Thymichthys verrucosus (McCulloch & Waite 1918)

References


Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Last, P.R. 1994. Family Brachionichthyidae. pp. 283-285, figs 252-253 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Last, P.R. & Gledhill, D.C. 2009. A revision of the Australian handfishes (Lophiiformes: Brachionichthyidae), with descriptions of three new genera and nine new species. Zootaxa 2252: 1-77.

Last, P.R. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Brachionichthyidae: Handfishes. pp. 375-376 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. (376, as Sympterichthys verrucosus)

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. (253, as Brachionichthys sp 3)

McCulloch, A.R. & Waite, E.R. 1918. Some new and little known fishes from South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) 1(1): 39-78 figs 26-31 pls 2-7

Scott, E.O.G. 1953. Observations on some Tasmanian fishes. Part 6 [5 in error]. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 87: 141-166 figs 1-4

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37209001

Depth:5-230 m

Habitat:Sandy, shelly bottoms

Max Size:8 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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