Crimson Soldierfish, Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål 1775)


Other Names: Blotcheye Soldierfish, Crimson Squirrelfish, Crimson Squirrel-fish, Pinecone Soldierfish

A Crimson Soldierfish, Myripristis murdjan, at South Solitary Island, New South Wales. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:
A pink to silvery-white soldierfish with large scales having a pale centre and a red margins, a narrow dark brown to blackish streak or marking on the outer part of the gill cover ending in a blotch on the pectoral-fin base, and red fins (except pectorals) with a narrow white leading edge on the soft dorsal, anal, caudal, and pelvic fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Myripristis murdjan in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Sep 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/4441

Crimson Soldierfish, Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Distribution

Carnarvon and offshore reefs of north Western Australia, and Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island in the Timor Sea, to Sydney, New South Wales; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Province in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa, to Micronesia and Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, and south to Australia.
Inhabits reef flats, shallow lagoons, and seaward reefs on coastal and offshore reefs at depths to 50 m. Soldierfishes are nocturnal and shelter in or near crevices, caves and beneath ledges during the day.

Features

Dorsal fin X + I, 13-15; Anal fin IV, 11-13; Pectoral fin 14-16; Lateral-line scales 27-32; Gill rakers 11-15 + 23-28 = 36-43.
Interorbital width: 3.7-4.4 in HL; lower jaw of adults slightly projecting when mouth closed; single pair of tooth patches at symphysis of lower jaw just outside mouth; inner pectoral-fin axil with numerous small scales.

Colour

Body red to dusky red, becoming pale red to silvery pink below; scale edges darker red; operculum with narrow dark brown to black margin usually not extending below level of lower edge of pupil; spinous dorsal fin pale red on basal two-thirds, bright red on outer third; blackish submarginal band along each caudal-fin lobe; leading edges of median fins white; axil of pectoral fins dark brown to black.

Feeding

A mostly nocturnal species that feeds on zooplankton.

Fisheries

Fished in parts of its range.

Similar Species

Differs from the similar Bigscale Soldierfish, Myrispristis berndti, in having a red spinous dorsal fin (vs. orange in M. berndti), and a less inferior or less projecting lower jaw (vs. the lower jaw projecting prominently when mouth closed in M. berndti).

Etymology

The specific name is the Araabic name for this species. (https://www.etyfish.org/holocentriformes/)).

Species Citation

Sciaena murdjan Forsskål 1775, Descriptiones Animalium : 48. Type locality: Jeddah, Red Sea.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Crimson Soldierfish, Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål 1775)

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp. 

Craig, M.T., Eble, J.A., Bowen, B.W. & Robertson, D.R. 2007. High genetic connectivity across the Indian and Pacific oceans in the reef fish Myripristis berndti (Holocentridae). Marine Ecology Progress Series 334: 245–254. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps334245

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 3 500 pp., pls 41-71. (described as Myripristis parvidens)

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones Animalium Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quæ in Itinere Orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est Materia Medica Kakirina atque Tabula Maris Rubri Geographica. Hauniæ : Mölleri 1-19, i-xxxiv, 164 pp., 1 map. 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Greenfield, D.W. 1974. A revision of the squirrelfish genus Myripristis Cuvier (Pisces : Holocentridae). Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Science Bulletin 19: 1-54 figs 1-26

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Greenfield, D.W. 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 25: 1-61 figs 1-12 pls 1-9 

Randall, J.E. & Greenfield, D.W. 1999. Family Holocentridae. pp. 2225-2256 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Rüppell, W.P.E. 1829. Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Afrika. Fische des Rothen Meeres. 2. Frankfurt : H.L. Brünner 29-94 pls 8-24. See ref at BHL

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Siebeck, U.E. & Marshall, N.J. 2001. Ocular media transmission of coral reef fish - can coral reef fish see ultraviolet light? Vision Research 41: 133-149.

Williams, I. & Greenfield, D. 2016. Myripristis murdjan (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T67871036A115436138. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T67871036A67871835.en. Downloaded on 16 September 2020.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37261002

Behaviour:Nocturnal

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-50m (to 160m)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:27 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map