Longtail Garfish, Hyporhamphus quoyi (Valenciennes 1847)

Other Names: Gaimard's Halfbeak, Half-beak, Long-tailed Garfish, Quoy's Garfish, Quoy's Halfbeak, Sea Garfish, Shortnose Garfish, Short-nosed Garfish

Longtail Garfish, Hyporhamphus quoyi - Western Australia. Source: Chris Dowling / Flickr. License: All rights reserved

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2024, Hyporhamphus quoyi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4493

Longtail Garfish, Hyporhamphus quoyi (Valenciennes 1847)

More Info


Shark Bay, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Yamba Bay, Clarence River, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka east to the Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Inhabits bays, estuaries, the lower reaches of rivers and coastal waters of continents and large islands, often in turbid waters.

Species Citation

Hemiramphus quoyi Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 19: 35. Type locality: Port Dourey, New Guinea.


Bray, D.J. 2024


Atlas of Living Australia

Longtail Garfish, Hyporhamphus quoyi (Valenciennes 1847)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young and M.C. Dunning, 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 247-266. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9850247

Collette, B.B. 1974. The garfishes (Hemiramphidae) of Australia and New Zealand. Records of the Australian Museum 29(2): 11-105 figs 1-23 

Collette, B.B. 1999. Family Hemiramphidae. pp. 2180-2196 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Klunzinger, C.B. 1880. Die von Müller'sche Sammlung australischer Fische in Stuttgart. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 80(1): 325-430 pls 1-9 (as Belone quoyi)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172

Parin, N.V., Collette, B.B. & Shcherbachev, Y.N. 1980. Preliminary review of the marine halfbeaks (Hemiramphidae, Beloniformes) of the tropical Indo-west Pacific. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii. Akademiya Nauk SSSR. Moskva 97: 7-173 figs 1-47 [in Russian] 

Tibbetts, I.R. & Carseldine, L. 2005. Trophic shifts in three subtropical Australian halfbeaks (Teleostei: Hemiramphidae). Marine and Freshwater Research 56: 925-932. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF04305

Torres, A.G., Leander, N.J.S., Kesner-Reyes, K. & Capuli, E. 2022. Hyporhamphus quoyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022: e.T159025755A159100838. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2022-1.RLTS.T159025755A159100838.en. Accessed on 11 January 2024.

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1847. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 19 544 pp. pls 554-590. (described as Hemiramphus gaimardi, type locality New Guinea. 

Whitley, G.P. 1951. Studies in Ichthyology No. 15. Records of the Australian Museum 22(4): 389-408 figs 1-14 (described as Reporhamphus caudalis, type locality Cape York, Queensland)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37234009

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-30 m

Habitat:Pelagic inshore, estuaries

Max Size:31 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map