Goldspot Mullet, Gracilimugil argentea (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)

Other Names: Brown-back Mullet, Bull-nose Mullet, Fantail Mullet, Flattail Mullet, Flat-tail Mullet, Gold-gill, Gold-gill Mullet, Jumpin Mullet, Jumping Mullet, Ramsay's Mullet, Rock Mullet, Rockies, Tiger Mullet, Tygum, Tygum Mullet, Wankari

A Goldspot Mullet, Gracilimugil argentea, in Nelson Bay, New South Wales, September 2011. Source: Tom Davis / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A pale brown mullet becoming silvery below with dusky dorsal and caudal fins, a purple iris with golden flecks, and a golden spot on the upper rear of the gill cover.
This species was previously known as Liza argentea.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Gracilimugil argentea in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Goldspot Mullet, Gracilimugil argentea (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)

More Info


Cardwell, Queensland, around southern Australia, to about Perth, Western Australia, and possibly eastern Tasmania.
Inhabits estuaries, lagoons and coastal waters, forming schools in the shallows. Juveniles may occur in freshwater.

Similar Species

Differs from other Australian mullet species in lacking as axillary process at the base of the pectoral fins, and having 35-38 lateral-line scales and 10 anal-fin rays. 

Species Citation

Mugil argenteus Quoy & Gaimard 1825, Voyage Autour du Monde: 338, Pl. 59 (Fig. 3). Type locality: Port Jackson, New South Wales,


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Goldspot Mullet, Gracilimugil argentea (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. (as Liza argentea)

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Liza argentea)

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

De Vis, C.W. 1885. New fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 5. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 9(4): 869-887 (described as Mugil convexus) See ref at BHL

Durand, J.-D. 2016. Implications of molecular phylogeny for the taxonomy of Mugilidae. pp 22-41 in Crosetti, D. & Blaber, S. (eds.) Biology, Ecology and Culture of Grey Mullets (Mugilidae). CRC Press.

Durand, J.-D., Chen, W.-J., Shen, K.-N., Fu, C.-Z. & Borsa, P. 2012. Genus-level taxonomic changes implied by the mitochondrial phylogeny of grey mullets (Teleostei: Mugilidae). Comptes Rendus Biologies 335(10-11): 687-697.

Durand, J.-D., Shen, K.N., Chen, W.J., Jamandre, B.W., Blel, H., Diop, K., Nirchio, M., García de León, F.J., Whitfield, A.K., Chang, C.-W. & Borsa, P. 2012. Systematics of the Mugilidae (Teleostei: Mugiliformes): Molecular phylogenetic evidence challenges two centuries of morphology-based taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64: 73-92

Durand, J.-D. & Borsa, P. 2015. Mitochondrial phylogeny of grey mullets (Acanthopterygii: Mugilidae) suggests high proportion of cryptic species. Comptes Rendus Biologies 338(4): 266-277

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Mugilidae. pp. 390-394 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Liza argentea)

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. (as Liza argentea)

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Kendall, B.W. & Gray, C.A. 2008. Reproductive biology of two co-occurring mugilids, Liza argentea and Myxus elongatus, in south-eastern Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 963–97. (as Liza argentea)

Kendall, B.W., Gray, C.A. & Bucher, D. 2009. Age validation and variation in growth, mortality and population structure of Liza argentea and Myxus elongatus (Mugilidae) in two temperate Australian estuaries. Journal of Fish Biology 75: 2788–2804. (as Liza argentea)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Kuiter, R.H. 1994. Family Mugilidae. pp. 659-664, figs 578-581 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Liza argentea)

Kuiter, R.H.  2018. Pictorial guide to Victoria's freshwater fishes. Part 1. E-version. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics 1-110. (as Liza argentea)

Macleay, W.J. 1883. Notes on a collection of fishes from the Burdekin and Mary Rivers, Queensland. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 8(2): 199-213 (described as Mugil ramsayi) See ref at BHL

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. (as Liza argentea)

Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, J.P. 1825. Chapter 9. Poissons. pp. 329-401 pls 43-65 in Freycinet, L.C.D. de (ed.) Voyage autour du Monde...exécuté sur les corvettes de L. M. "L'Uranie" et "La Physicienne," pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820. Paris. 192-401 [1-328 in 1824; 329-616 in 1825], Atlas pls. 43-65.

Steindachner, F. 1879. Über einige neue und seltene Fischarten aus den zoologischen Museen zu Wien, Stuttgart und Warschau. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 16(4): 29-34 (as Mugil australis)

Thomson, J.M. 1954. The Mugilidae of Australia and adjacent seas. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 5(1): 70-131 figs 1-16 pls 1-2 (as Liza ramsayi)

Thomson, J.M. 1996. Family Mugilidae. pp. 191-197 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.) Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. (as Liza argentea)

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1 (as Liza argentea)

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1836. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 11 506 pp. pls 307-343. (described as Mugil ferrandi and Mugil peroniiSee ref at BHL

Whitley, G.P. 1941. Ichthyological notes and illustrations. The Australian Zoologist 10(1): 1-50 figs 1-32 pls 1-2 (as Gracilimugil ramsayi)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37381004

Depth:0-20 m

Habitat:Freshwater, estuarine, marine

Max Size:45 cm TL


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