Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902


Illustration of a Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus. Source: P. 421, in Chun (1903) Aus den tiefen des weltmeeres. License: Copyright Expired

Summary:
A uniformly black snaggletooth with a black barbel bearing a white terminal bulb with several filaments. The gill cover lacks a large luminous patch, the AC photophores on the caudal peduncle are distinctly curved upward, and the IP and anterior of PV photophores form a straight line. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Astronesthes splendidus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Dec 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/4554

Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902

More Info


Distribution

Coral Sea south-east of Osprey Reef , Queensland, Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific from South Africa eastwards to the Hawaiian Islands, north to Japan, and south to New Caledonia.

Features

Dorsal fin 11-14; Anal fin 18-20; Pectoral fin  8; Pelvic fin 7.  
Large luminous patch on operculum absent. Photophores:  Photophores: IP 10, PV 16-17, VAV 19-21, AC 11-12, IC 56-59, OA 36-37. AC photopores forming a continuous, but distinctly arched line. IP and the anterior PV photophores forming a straight line. Maxillary teeth 20 to 21. Barbel with bulb bearing several filaments.

Species Citation

Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902, Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(668): 288. Type locality: South of Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean, 4°56'N, 78°15'13"E, Valdivia station 217, depth 2000 m.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Splendid Snaggletooth, Astronesthes splendidus Brauer 1902

References


Brauer, A. 1902. Diagnosen von neuen Tiefseefischen, welche von der Valdivia-Expedition gesammelt sind. Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(668): 277-298 See ref at BHL

Harold, A.S. 1999. Families Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae, Phosichthyidae, Astronesthidae, Stomiidae, ChaulioIdontidae, Melanostomiidae, Idiacanthidae, Malacosteidae. pp. 1896-1917 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Liao, Y.-C., Chen, L.-S. & Shao, K.-T. 2006. Review of the Astronesthid fishes (Stomiiformes: Stomiidae: Astronesthinae) from Taiwan with a description of one new species. Zoological Studies 45(4): 517-528.

Parin, N.V. & Borodulina, O.D. 2000. Redescriptions and new data on the distribution of six rare and poorly known species of the mesopelagic fish genus Astronesthes (Astronesthidae). Journal of Ichthyology 40(Suppl. 1): 15-30

Parin, N.V. & Borodulina, O.D. 2003. Phylogeny, systematics, and zoogeography of the mesopelagic genus Astronesthes (Astronesthidae, Stomiiformes). Journal of Ichthyology 43(8): 557-576.

Regan, C.T. & Trewavas, E. 1930. The fishes of the families Stomiatidae and Malacosteidae. Dana Reports 1920–22 6: 1-143 figs 1-138 pls 1-14

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37108020

Biology:Bioluminescent

Depth:to 800 m

Habitat:Mesopelagic

Max Size:12 cm SL

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