Flowery Flounder, Bothus mancus (Broussonet 1782)

Other Names: Peacock Flounder, Tropical Flounder

A Flowery Flounder, Bothus mancus, at Lord Howe Island, February 2016. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A left-side flounder with dark-margined pale spots and numerous scattered small dark spots, usually three dark spots or blotches on lateral line, a row of widely-spaced dark spots on dorsal and anal fins, and eyed side pectoral fins with dark crossbars.
Video of a well-camouflaged Flowery Flounder on Agincourt reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland.
Video of a Flowery Flounders - the Kings of Camouflage.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Bothus mancus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4686

Flowery Flounder, Bothus mancus (Broussonet 1782)

More Info


Ningaloo Reef and offshore reefs of  north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, to Moreton Bay, Queensland; also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Province and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is widepsread in the tropical, Indo-Pacific.

Species Citation

Pleuronectes mancus Broussonet 1782, Ichthyologia Sistens Piscium Descriptiones et Icones: no pagination, 2 pls (3-4). Type locality: Ulietea (Raiatea), Society Islands, Pacific Ocean.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Flowery Flounder, Bothus mancus (Broussonet 1782)


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.  

Broussonet, P.M.A. 1782. Ichthyologia Sistens Piscium Descriptiones et Icones. London : Elmsly 42 pp. 11 pls. 

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Hensley, D.A. & Amaoka, K. 2001. Bothidae. pp. 3799-3841 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Norman, J.R. 1927. The flatfishes (Heterosomata) of India, with a list of the specimens in the Indian Museum. Part 1. Records of the Indian Museum 29: 7-48 pls 2-7 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37460047

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-150 m

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy areas

Max Size:51 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map