Smalltooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855)

Other Names: Jenyn's Flounder, Small Toothed Flounder, Small-tooth Flounder, Small-toothed Flounder

A Smalltooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus jenynsii, at Enderby Island, Dampier Marine Park - at night. Source: Graham Edgar / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

A brownish flatfish with two conspicuous ocelli above and below the lateral line and one or two ocelli on rear part of the lateral line before the tail, and a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved portions of lateral line. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pseudorhombus jenynsii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Smalltooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855)

More Info


Gulf St. Vincent, South Australia, westward and around the tropical north to Disaster Bay, southern New South Wales. The species is absent from Victoria and Tasmania.
Inhabits sandy or muddy areas in estuaries and offshore coastal waters.


Dorsal fin 65-74; Anal fin 51-60; Pectoral fin (eyed side) 11-12.  
Upper profile of head distinctly notched in front of upper eye. A line connecting base of first dorsal-fin ray and posterior nostril on eyed side crosses maxilla. Origin of dorsal fin slightly before anterior margin of upper eye and just above or behind posterior nostril on blind side. 


Body brownish, 2 conspicuous ocelli above and below lateral line and 1 or 2 ocelli on posterior part of straight section of lateral line, a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved portions of lateral line.


Feeds on benthic fishes and invertebrates.

Species Citation

Platessa jenynsii Bleeker1855, Verh. Akad. Amsterdam 2: 15. Type locality: King George Sound, Western Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Smalltooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855)


Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Amaoka, K. & Hensley, D.A. 2001. Paralichthyidae. pp. 3842-3862 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Bleeker, P. 1855. Over eenige visschen van Van Diemensland. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen 2: 1-31 fig. 1 

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Bothidae. pp. 844-850, figs 747-752 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Paralichthyidae. pp. 806-807 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Günther, A. 1862. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. London : British Museum Vol. 4 534 pp. (as Pseudorhombus multimaculatus)

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Macleay, W.J. 1882. Notes on the Pleuronectidae of Port Jackson with descriptions of two hitherto unobserved species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 7(1): 11-15 (as Pseudorhombus multiradiatus)

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. 

Norman, J.R. 1926. A report on the flatfishes (Heterosomata) collected by the F.I.S. Endeavour, with a synopsis of the flatfishes of Australia and a revision of the subfamily Rhombosoleinae. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 5(5): 219-308 figs 1-15 

Norman, J.R. 1934. A Systematic Monograph of the Flatfishes (Heterosomata) Psettodidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 459 pp. 317 figs. (as Pseudorhombus jenynsii dubius)

Ogilby, J.D. 1898. New genera and species of fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 23(3): 280-299 (as Pseudorhombus anomalus)

Ogilby, J.D. 1912. On some Queensland fishes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 1: 26-65 2 figs pls 13-14 (as Pseudorhombus anomalus

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Thominot, A. 1880. Sur un Pseudorhombus d'espèce nouvelle. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 7 4: 175 (as Pseudorhombus moorei)

Whitley, G.P. 1931. New names for Australian fishes. The Australian Zoologist 6(4): 310-334 1 fig. pls 25-27

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37460002

Depth:1-172 m

Habitat:Sandy & muddy areas

Max Size:34 cm TL


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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map