Black Sole, Brachirus niger (Macleay 1880)

Black Sole, Brachirus nigra. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

A uniformly blackish or pale brownish sole with large patches of dark brown cirri, blackish pectoral fins, and a narrow whitish margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins. The blind side cream to whitish.
This species has frequently been referred to as Brachirus nigra.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Brachirus niger in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 May 2022,

Black Sole, Brachirus niger (Macleay 1880)

More Info


Townsville, Queensland, to Corner Inlet, Victoria.

Species Citation

Synaptura nigra Macleay 1880, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 1 5(1): 49. Type locality: Sydney Market (Port Jackson and mouth of Cooks River, Botany Bay), New South Wales.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Black Sole, Brachirus niger (Macleay 1880)


Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Soleidae. pp. 860-865, figs 761-763 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Soleidae. pp. 817-821 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Macleay, W.J. 1880. On two hitherto undescribed fishes well-known in the Sydney market. (Otolithus teraglin, Synaptura nigra). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 5(1): 48-49.

Norman, J.R. 1926. A report on the flatfishes (Heterosomata) collected by the F.I.S. Endeavour, with a synopsis of the flatfishes of Australia and a revision of the subfamily Rhombosoleinae. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 5(5): 219-308 figs 1-15 (in part, considered Synaptura nigra as a junior synonym of Synaptura orientalis)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37462017

Depth:0-200 m

Habitat:Sandy, shelly, silty bottoms

Max Size:35 cm TL


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